Sanitization facilities at the workplace

Every individual has the right to be healthy. It is a basic and fundamental right. Health is not about being physical fitness but also mental and social health. A person should have had a hygienic environment because he is the one who represents his society. This should be applied to an employer also that he is the one who represents his company. So there should be adequate health facilities. It is not necessary for its goodwill but good for their customers, employers, visitors etc. Through this paper, the author wants to seek the attention of viewers, why there should be a healthy environment for employers and what happens when it is not properly maintained.


In 1946, the first international organisation, the world health organisation (WHO) came into existence to create a right to health as a human right. Because the workers were not provided with any healthy sanitary facilities. Thereon, the health is considered as an important and extends to the basic and important right to be healthy.

Hygiene is not only important for the employees but also for the visitors, investors and customers. If one individual is not in good physical and mental health how can they attract others to join their company? So it is very important to keep the surroundings of the office clean with your personal hygiene. Every workplace has its criteria and strategies. Cleanliness and personal hygiene are always part of these norms and policies. All businesses have a dress code. This dress code is a part of the self-hygiene of employees. Maintaining proper hygiene at the workplace is very important for the good status of businesses. Both the official councils and the employees need to take care of hygiene. No boss would want a dirty person to represent his company in the market or in front of the public. So they can fire them on the basis of poor hygiene. Similarly, no employee would want to work in a firm with dirty lavatories, cubicles, and the environment. The offering of both parties is essential for the good reputation of the firm. Article 21 of the Indian constitution describes the protection of life and personal liberty.

In Bandhua mukti morcha v. Union of India[1] The Supreme Court of India held that the right to live with dignity described from the directive principles of state policy and therefore includes the protection of health.

If there is any violation of the right to health public interest petitions can be filed under Article 21. The hygienic environment can build up employers to work more efficiently and effectively. If the surroundings are clean they can devote more hard work.

Why Should there a Need for a Hygienic Environment?

  • Increase the productivity of employees:-  Working environment can influence employee’s satisfaction of work. It can reduce employee turnover because if there is a healthy environment so employees can stick to that company and not think about changing jobs.
  • Improves company image:- Sometimes suppliers, investors, visitors visit the company and it is said that the first impression is the last impression so if the office is not hygienic and is messy than how can they trust you for more serious tasks. If any visitor got ill after visiting your office then it can create bigger problems for your company’s image. So it is good to keep your office hygienic so that your company image can be maintained.
  • Employees will be healthier:- If your company is not hygienic and your employees get sick on a daily basis it leads to employees absenteeism. And it cost your business a considerable amount of money. So to avoid this situation you should keep your office hygienic so that your employees can be healthier and it can reduce employee’s absenteeism.
  • Prevention from spreading of bacteria and virus:- When the office has a clean and healthy environment reduces the chances of spreading virus and bacteria. If it is an unhygienic environment then the employers can be affected and act as a disease carrier which can start a small pandemic.

These are some of the advantages which can be attained by keeping the surrounding hygienic in the workplace

Legal Implications

 According to Article 39(e) of the Indian constitution provides that the state shall, in particular, direct its policy towards securing to ensure that the health and strength workers, men and women. These are implied to all sector employees and workers I.e., for medical, government etc.

In pramand katara v. Union of India[2] Court ruled that every sector whether it a government sector a private each sector has made a mandatory provision for maintaining health.

In CESE Ltd v. Subhash chandra bose [3] The court held that the health and strength of the workers and employees are a vital aspect of the right to life.

In Vincent v. Union of India[4]  The court ruled that a healthy body is a foundation for all human activities.

In consumer education and research center and others v. Union of India[5]  The Supreme Court ruled that right to health and medical care, to protect health and vigour while in service and post retirement, is a fundamental right of workers under Article 21, 39(e), 41, 43, 48A.

Ways to Keep the Workplace Hygienic

  1. Cleaning washrooms on a daily basis:- it is necessary to clean washrooms on a legal basis so that it reduces the chances of urine infections.
  2. Cleaning windows:- there are several dust particles on windows so it should mandatory to clean it on daily basis.
  3. Regularly empty dustbin.
  4. Eco-friendly deep treatment of urinals and toilets.
  5. Equip hand sanitizer for workers and employees.
  6. Provide anti-fatigue mats for employees and workers.

These are some of the ways by which we can keep the workplace healthy and hygienic. They can make some rules providing direction to maintain the hygiene of the office. One can maintain his personal hygiene at the workplace by keeping pocket sanitizers, by washing hands timely. They should not do their lunch at the desk because the desk can act as a disease carrier.


From the above content, my main motive is to make the observers understand that cleanliness is very important for your physical, mental and social health. There are several laws that are made for the right to health but it cannot be maintained through the law if we are not aware of the consequences, ways to keep hygiene etc. Law is the basic support that is given to all individuals so that if anyone violates your right whether it is the right to life or right to be healthy then they can help you protect your right from violating. It is important for all companies to grow but it can be possible when there are numbers of employees with good health is that they can focus on their work effectively and efficiently.

Hygiene in the workplace shouldn’t be an afterthought. Employers should set an instance when it comes to the health and well-being of employees, making sure high-quality facilities are available and prioritizing hygiene perception. The benefits to a business are improved staff productivity, stronger financial performance and a clear return on investment (ROI). Now days going a big pandemic called COVID 19 in which work from home is chosen as a better option because they want there workers and employers to be safe.


[1] AIR 1984 SC 802.

[2] AIR 1989 SC 2039.

[3] AIR  1992 SC 573.

[4] AIR 1987 SC 990.

[5] AIR 1995  SC 42.






Q1. How to maintain personal hygiene at the workplace?

One can maintain his personal hygiene at the workplace by keeping pocket sanitizers, by washing hands timely. They should not do their lunch at the desk because the desk can act as a disease carrier.

Q2. How would poor hygiene affect any employee and company?

1. Affect professional image

          2. Reduction in investors and visitors

          3. Employees turnover

          4. Reduction in goodwill

          5. Causes infection

Q3. Can poor hygiene cause infections?

Yes, if the workplace is not clean then there will be chances of a number of bacteria and viruses which can cause infections like if washrooms are not clean it can cause urine infection.

Q4. What is the Right to Health in India?

According to the Indian constitution the right to health is cane existence after compiling it with Article 21 which states about the protection of life and personal liberty. Article 39(e) talks about the health and strength of the workers and employers as a key factor.

Q5. Which Article is related to the Right to Health?

Article 21

Q6. Can any employee be fire for poor hygiene?

Yes, if the worker or any employer is unhygienic after providing him the basic steps to be hygienic and continues to be unhygienic after giving adequate methods then he can be dismissed from his post.

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