What would medicine look like in the future? How can patients benefit from innovative technology? Will the interface between physician and patient change? Many of us have the vision that Robotics will play a role in the future. Because we have seen the up-gradation of technology in every field and every aspect of life. In our homes we have seen washing machines, televisions, grinders, calculators, mobile phones and a lot more. So by this we can see that our environment is full of Machines and Technology. Without mobile phones one cannot imagine life because a lot of work is done only through mobile phones and one can connect the other person through mobile phone. Technology makes human life easier day by day.
Transforming ideas into products requires strong focus in order to be successful. It is key to have a strong partner with experience in Robotics components. Kuka is the safest and most secure robot. It understands that customers’ business will change and grow. The experience will be supported throughout the entire product line cycle. From the first robot feasibility study, clinical test, regulatory approval and worldwide roller of a new product. Kuka has successfully supported customers throughout all the stages. No matter which patient.
Artificial intelligence is a branch of computer science which deals with creativity of computers. The term was coined in 1956 by John McCarthy at the Dartmouth conference, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Types of Robots
- Medical robots
- Chef Robot
- Construction Robots
- War Robots
- Agriculture Robots
- Manufacturing Robots
- Transfers Robot
Medical Robotics is booming employees of Germany Era Space Centre which is developing a robot for revolutionary surgery in the future. Robotics can be integrated in operation theatres in a very space saving way. Furthermore, the research includes that robots can discover in a detailed and better manner as to what is happening inside the patient’s body using a miniaturized sensor. This information, in fact, actually corresponds, with the different opinions of surgeons. It is capable of providing auditory as well as visual analysis. This also improves Patient Safety.
For example – suppose the head of a doctor ever slips off the controller, a life-threatening scenario may occur. But, such instances will not happen in the case of robots. Robots can be programmed in a way that organs are not put at risk. Hence, unlike a doctor, robots will never cause accidents. If any problem does occur, then the doctor will be held liable because although the operation has been done by the robot, the same is considered only as a tool in the hands of the doctor.
Imagine a robot making you five meals a day, daily. It is this dream and goal that the Moley robot is excessively trying to accomplish. They have created robots which can cook as you want, remarkably and clean also. The futuristic workstation has very strong arms and hands which can crack eggs, measure liquids and cook delicious food for anyone. We just have to name it and the robot can do it. This is an amazing robot which cooks delicious food with the same quality as any restaurant food.
These robots help farmers to plant and keep a watch and provide detailed analysis of the plant and other information related to farming. The robot helps the farmers to make an analysis of what is necessary for the growth of the plant ? It helps the farmer to judge the fertility of soil. What kind of pesticides and insecticides will be used for the increment in the agriculture crops? Exorobotix weeding robot is an automatic robot weeder which is 100% autonomous. It also has GPS navigation and sensor. It is driven by solar power and operates for 12 hours autonomously per day . It also helps in recognising the plant with its inbuilt camera. Further, it also takes out defective weeds and provides the precise micro dose of herbicides necessary.
Robots in construction make life easier for the workers. They make building structures so perfect that even skilled workers cannot meet their skill level. Today, the human workers are not physically stronger than the robots. Robots have made the life of humans in the field of construction very easy, taking much less time as compared to manual labour. The Hadrian X Robot HD fast bricks robotics (FBR) is revolutionizing the Digital construction industry. It has successfully constructed the world’s first 3D printed brick structure. FBR’s patented multi-Axis stabilization system allows blocks to be placed with order and accuracy. The robot works from the original files and builds exactly what is on the design. The block line robot can construct the wall of an average house in just 2 days which is very impressive, as a human being cannot even do it in 10 days. FBR’s Hadrian X is the only Robot that builds in real-world conditions.
This is the bracke planter machine suitable for plantation and forestry. The plant is attachable to an excavator’s arm. The machine’s carousel can plant a minimum of 198 seedlings.
- Robot manufacturing is the most used robot till date. They are creating everything from small parts to full working cars.
- These little war machines can change the game when used with Artificial Intelligence and machine learning.
- Nowadays drone delivery is very popular and increasing day by day. Drone is a type of flying robot. Soon humans may be able to travel using drones.
Need of Robotics
Robots can be programmed with specific rules throughout the world and can make deliveries also which is tremendous because it’s very safe and secure for a person. These robots, being used in a hospital in Guangzhou are helping doctors and current patients. This is a very good sign of development because due to the increasing coronavirus cases, the lives of doctors are also in danger.
In such a highly infectious environment, the robot helps us deliver medicines, meals, quilts and clothes. They can also collect garbage and other items which reduces the chance of doctors getting sick and this helps the doctor a lot. Especially since it’s a time when a doctor has to be free of diseases and infections.
One positive factor is that they reduce the frequency of doctor – patient contact. A network connects the robots allowing them to map out the area and avoid obstacles and travel from multiple points, including patient room, and back to doctors. Automatic infection and purification can be done within the robots carrying case. The outer shell is made of anti- corrosive material allowing doctors to clean the robots with sprays. For example, Brigham Women’s Hospital in Boston has been testing a new piece of hardware to help them check coronavirus cases – a robot called spot.
HCARD is developed by Durgapur based CSIR lab Central mechanical engineering research institute. The device is equipped with various state-of-the-art technologies and works both in automatic as well as manual modes of navigation.
Other examples of robots being used in a bid to protect Healthcare workers and intensify the screening process, Fortis Hospital said that they have introduced Mitra robots for covid-19 screening. The initiative has been taken to screen each and every visitor including doctors, nurses medical and non-medical staff entering the hospital at Bannerghatta Road.
Examples of robotics use today
- Virtual Personal Assistants
- Video Games
- Smart Cars
- Security Surveillance
- Music and Movies Recommendations Services.
A true artificial intelligence system is one that can learn on its own. True A.I can improve on past iterations, getting smarter and more aware, allowing it to enhance its capabilities and knowledge.
Nodal organisation of the government for the research work on robotics
- The Centre for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics (CAIR), is the primary laboratory of DRDO for research and development in different areas of Defence, Information and Communication Technology ICT and is located in Bangalore It is involved in the research and development of high-quality secure communication, command, and control and intelligent systems.
- CAIR came into existence in 1986. The countries that participated in the founding members were Australia, Canada, the European Union, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Slovenia, the United Kingdom and the United States.
- GPAI will be supported by a secretariat, to be hosted by organisations for economic cooperation and development (OCED) in Paris, as well as by two centres of expertise-one age in Montreal (Canada) and Paris (France). GPAI will be able to take advantage of OECD’s expertise on Robotics policy and its leadership in setting out the first International standard for trustworthy Artificial Intelligence and Robotics – The OECD principle on robotics and artificial intelligence.
Artificial Intelligence and Robotics is a wide ranging branch of Computer Science and technology and is also concerned with building smart machines which are capable of performing tasks that typically require human intelligence. Although it is made by humans and smarter than humans, they need guidance by humans. AI is an interdisciplinary science with multiple approaches, but advancements in machine learning and deep learning are creating a Paradigm shift in Virtually every sector of Technology industry.
Solutions at a Global Level
- Bridge the gap between theory and practice of Robotics by supporting cutting-edge Research and applied activities on AI related priorities and robotics.
- An example would be looking at how Robotics could help societies respond to and recover from the covid-19 crisis.
- Bring together the leading experts from industry, civil society, Government and academic to conduct research and pilot projects on robotics.
- It will initially comprise working groups focused on responsible robotics, data governance, the future of work, and innovation and commercialization.
Initiatives by India in Robotics
India has recently launched National AI strategy and national AI portal based on robotics and have also started leveraging AI across various sectors such as education agriculture Health Care e commerce finance telecommunications etc.
The National AI strategy was released in 2018 by Niti Aayog. It is termed “Allforall” as it is focused on leveraging AI for inclusive growth in line with the government policy of “Sabka Saath Sabka Vikas.”
Despite these threats and challenges it is unreasonable to argue that Robotics for Artificial Intelligence (AI), is not the future. It is only a matter of time in which machines will replace man in most of the jobs. It does not mean the end of the road for humanity. We have a history of technological Revolution causing social and political changes in society. In the early years there were bound to be challenges but so was the case with the French Revolution, steam engines, Industrial Revolution and most recently even the computers. Nevertheless, there will be more opportunities in the field that remain unknown and there will be more jobs to cater to human needs.