LLM Course: Full Form, Admission 2024, Fees, Syllabus, Entrance Exam, Career Scope & Course

Master of Laws (LLM) is a two-year postgraduate program training scholars in any one of these three specialized fields, i.e., International Law, Corporate and Criminal Law focused on research. For one to be admitted he/she has to have cleared the LLB program of three years or any other combined honours law course (5 years duration) scoring 50-60%. Those willing to join it next year will sit for entrance exams like CLAT, and LSAT among others including IPU CET and DU LLM. An LLM in India usually takes two years. In the UK, USA, and Canada, on the other hand, it can last between one and two-and-a-half years depending on the jurisdiction. The best schools where people can enroll in this program are NLSIU Bangalore, NLU Delhi, or WBNUJS, these schools charge between INR 1-2.5 lakhs.


LLM Course Latest Updates

Here are 10 recent updates related to LLM courses and entrance exams:

  1. LSAT India 2024 Results: Results for LSAT India 2024 exam (May session) have been released for admission to 3-year LLB, 5-year Integrated LLB, and LLM courses. Candidates can download their results from lsatindia.in.
  2. MH CET Law 2024 Result: The result for MH CET Law 2024 for the 5-year LLB program was released on June 26, 2024. Round 1 registration for admissions begins on July 1, 2024.
  3. TS LAWCET 2024 Results: Results for TS LAWCET 2024 for the 5-year Integrated LLB and 3-year LLB courses have been announced. Scorecards can be checked and downloaded from lawcet.tsche.ap.gov.in.
  4. AILET 2024 Exam Date: The AILET 2024 Exam for the Joint Masters/LLM in Intellectual Property Law will be conducted on June 23, 2024, in offline mode.
  5. AILET 2025 Application: Applications for AILET 2025 will commence on August 1, 2024. The exam date for AILET 2025 is December 8, 2024, as declared by NLU Delhi.
  6. AP LAWCET 2024 Exam Date: AP LAWCET 2024 exam for admission to 3-year LLB and 5-year integrated LLB courses is scheduled to be held on June 9, 2024.
  7. CLAT 2025 Exam Date: The CLAT 2025 exam date has been announced. It will take place on December 1, 2024.
  8. TS LAWCET 2024 Results (Again): Results for TS LAWCET 2024 for the 5-year Integrated LLB and 3-year LLB courses have been released, available for download on the official website.
  9. DU LLM Entrance Exam 2024: Delhi University’s LLM entrance exam dates and application details are anticipated to be released soon for the upcoming academic session.
  10. IGNOU LLM Admissions: Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) has opened admissions for its LLM program for the academic year 2024-25. Interested candidates can apply online through the official IGNOU website.


LLM Course Details: Highlights

Particulars Details
LLM Full Form Full form of LLM – Master of Law
LLM Course Type Postgraduation
LLM Course Eligibility Criteria Three-year or five-year degree in Law and entrance examination
LLM Course Duration 2 years
LLM Course – Mode of Study Full-Time LLM

Distance LLM

Executive LLM (3 years)

LLM Course Fees INR 50,000 to INR 1 lakh per annum
LLM Top Colleges NLSIU, Symbiosis Law School, NLU Delhi, NALSAR, NUJS
LLM Average Salary INR 5 lakh per annum
LLM Job Profiles Advocate, Assistant Professor, Consultant, Legal Advisor, Solicitor, Legal Manager, Law Officer
LLM Top Recruiters Bar Council of India, Law Firms, Multinational Companies, Public Sector and Private Sector Banks, Government Departments, Legal Process Outsourcing


LLM Course: Overview and Career Scope

What is an LLM Course?

Simply translated from Latin, the LLM program means Master of Laws. Master of Laws program includes core courses comprising subjects like Indian Law and Social Transformation, Constitutionalism, Legal Research and Methodology, and Judicial Process among others. LLM Program has several specialties including International Law, Criminal Law, Corporate Law, and Taxation Law.


Course Structure and Duration

  • Duration: LLM is typically a two-year full-time course, divided into four semesters.
  • Curriculum: Students are required to complete a set number of credit courses and often submit a dissertation or thesis at the end of their final semester.
  • Executive LLM: Some universities offer an Executive LLM program tailored for working professionals, allowing for flexibility in study schedules.

Fees Structure

  • Government Universities/NLUs: Fees range from approximately INR 6,000 to 2.5 lakh per annum.
  • Private Universities: Fees range from about INR 1 lakh to 2.5 lakh per annum.

Career Opportunities

  1. Corporate Legal Departments: Specialized positions handling corporate law, compliance, intellectual property, mergers & acquisitions, etc.
  2. Law Firms: Opportunities in litigation, arbitration, and advisory roles across various legal domains.
  3. Consultancies: Legal consulting firms focusing on niche areas like tax law, environmental law, international law, etc.
  4. Research Institutions: Roles involving legal research, policy analysis, and academic writing.
  5. Academia: Teaching positions in law schools and universities, especially for those interested in pursuing a career in academics or research.

Benefits and Scope

  • Career Advancement: LLM graduates can pursue specialized roles that require in-depth legal knowledge and expertise.
  • Enhanced Skills: Develops advanced research, writing, and analytical skills crucial for legal analysis and problem-solving.
  • Earning Potential: Specialized skills often lead to higher earning potential, particularly in sought-after legal specializations and senior positions.

AIBE and Career in Litigation

  • All India Bar Examination (AIBE): Required for LLM graduates who wish to practice law in India. It awards the “Certificate of Practice,” allowing individuals to practice in any court of law.
  • Registration: Candidates must be registered with their respective State Bar Councils as an Advocate to appear for AIBE.
  • Exam Pattern: AIBE tests candidates on various legislations and regulations studied at the undergraduate level.

Who Should Pursue LLM?

  • LLB Graduates: Those who have completed either a three-year LLB or five-year integrated LLB program.
  • Aspiring Academicians: Essential for those aiming for teaching positions or pursuing further research in law.


Why choose the LLM Course?

  • It is crucial to pursue an LLM course after completing a top law school. Because LLM courses can help you start practicing law, here are some good reasons to pursue them.
  • Mastering LLM in International Law readiness for a prosperous career in the legal field worldwide. 
  • Contrary to general basic law degrees, LLM enables one to specialize extensively in a given field of law hence improving their skills and employment chances.
  • An LLM specialization may facilitate legal research and writing careers and possibly a Doctorate in Law (LLD) in some instances. 
  • The diverse LLM specializations on offer at LLM include areas like International Law, Corporate Law, Labour Law, and Human Rights through which you may align your career with your interests.
  • After receiving a master’s degree in law, one can potentially have better job opportunities and earn more money compared to an undergraduate LL.B program.


LLM Course Specializations

LLM Specialisations
Tax Law Corporate Law
Criminal Law Business Law
Civil Law Competition Law
Intellectual Property Law Labour Law
Real Estate Law International Trade Law
Tax Law Commercial Law
Administrative Law Patent Law
Company Law Contract Law
Constitutional Law Cyber Law
Consumer Law Education Law
Healthcare Law Telecommunications Law
Energy Law Environment Law
Entertainment & Media Law Family Law
Mergers and Acquisition Law Banking Law


Who should pursue an LLM Course?

  • Undertaking an LLM requires students who have obtained their first degree from a recognized university in the faculty of Law with an average score of not less than 60 %. Nonetheless, passing exams such as CLAT, LSAT, AILET, etc., are a must.
  • After obtaining their degrees, students wishing to be law scholars, legal writers, or associated with top law schools should opt for LLM followed by LLD. 
  • For those who have specific career paths within the legal profession, this would be an offer to help them further their understanding of different areas in law through an LLM.
  • Working legal professionals or practicing lawyers can choose to do an LLM online if they are to strike a balance between their studies and their professional duties.


LLM Course Admission process

People who want to take up a Master of Laws must take an entrance test by doing so; the test is intended for the study of LLM which is a big deal in some Indian legal schools. Although the majority of subjects in the exam are Multiple-Choice Questions (MCQs) they may also contain one or two subjective parts. However, one is required to have a thorough understanding of Legal matters as the syllabus of such papers entails questions related to Laws and Legal Studies.


LLM Course Application Process

  1. Research and Selection of LLM Colleges:
    • Conduct thorough research on various LLM colleges based on factors like reputation, faculty expertise, specializations offered, and placement records.
  2. Check Eligibility:
    • Verify eligibility criteria for each LLM college, which typically includes completion of a three-year or five-year LLB program from a recognized university.
  3. Register for Entrance Exams:
    • Depending on the institute, register for and prepare for relevant entrance exams such as CLAT, AILET, LSAT India, or institute-specific exams required for LLM admissions.
  4. Fill LLM Application Forms:
    • Complete the application forms online or offline as per the instructions provided by the respective colleges. Ensure all details are accurately filled within the specified deadlines.
  5. Submit Required Documents:
    • Attach necessary documents along with the application form, which may include:
      • Academic transcripts from previous law studies.
      • Entrance exam scorecard (if applicable).
      • Personal statement or essay outlining your motivations and career goals.
      • Letters of recommendation (if required by the institute).
  6. Pay Application Fee:
    • Remit the application fee through online or offline modes as specified by the institute.

LLM Selection Process

  • Merit-Based Selection:
    • Institutes primarily consider entrance exam scores, academic performance in LLB, and the overall profile of the candidate for merit-based selection.
  • Personal Interviews:
    • Some institutes may conduct personal interviews to assess the candidate’s aptitude, motivations, and fit for the LLM program.

LLM Admission Final Steps

  • Receive Admission Offers:
    • Selected candidates receive admission offers via email or post, typically including details of the program, fees, and deadlines.
  • Acceptance and Fee Payment:
    • Upon receiving an admission offer, candidates need to accept the offer formally and pay the admission fee within the stipulated time to secure their seat in the LLM program.

Additional Considerations

  • Specializations:
    • Explore the various specializations offered within LLM programs (e.g., Corporate Law, Criminal Law, Constitutional Law, Intellectual Property Law, etc.) and choose one aligning with your career aspirations.
  • Scholarships:
    • Research and apply for scholarships offered by the institutes or external organizations to support your education financially.

LLM Course Admission 2024

In law schools, a candidate’s eligibility is determined based on the results of any national or university-based entrance examination Universities accept. Among the other common entrance tests for LLM Courses are- CLAT, IPU-CET, LSAT, AP LAWCET & many others. The charges for an LLM application form range between 750 and 2,000 for the general category while the reserved class may have to pay INR 350 only.


LLM Course Eligibility

Prospective candidates for the Master of Laws should meet below eligibility requirements, One is supposed to have scored at least 50% aggregate marks in LLB or Bachelor’s in law The minimum age at which one can pursue a Masters in Laws course is 17 years or above.


Top LLM Entrance Exams 2024

Entrance Exams Exam Dates Exam Schedule
SLS AIAT 2024 11 May ’24 SLS AIAT Schedule
CLAT 2024 Dec ’24 (Tentative) CLAT 2024 Schedule
LSAT India 2024 January Exam- 20 Jan ’24 – 21 Jan ’24

May Exam- 16 May ’24 – 19 May ’24

LSAT India Schedule
AILET 2025 Dec ’24 (Tentative) AILET 2024 Schedule
AIBE 18 2024 Dec ’24 (Tentative) AIBE 18 Schedule


LLM Course Entrance Exams

For students interested in pursuing an LLM Course, they need to pass the entrance examination specified for the said course. Admission into an LLM Course is based on applicants’ performance in an admission test followed by interviews conducted at different universities. Various entrance tests are available including CLAT PG, AILET, IPU CET, BHU UET, etc.


LLM Course Syllabus

The LLM Course Syllabus covers several topics ranging from Corporate Law to International trade Laws and others. The subjects are mentioned below: 

  • Law and Social Transformation in India
  • Judicial Process
  • Legal Research and Methodology
  • Alternative Dispute Resolution
  • Constitutionalism
  • Human Rights and Humanitarian Law
  • International Trade Law
  • Intellectual Property Rights
  • Corporate Law


LLM Course Subjects

LLM Course International Law Comparative Public Law International Law and International Relations: Development and Trends
International Organizations Law and Justice in Internationalized World
Law of Sea, Air and Space International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law
International Courts and Tribunals International Dispute Resolution Bodies
LLM Course Corporate Law Financial Models and Derivatives in a Legal Context Banking and Finance Law
Corporate Social Responsibilities and the Law European Law of Capital Markets
European Procurement Law Principles of International Tax Law
LLM Course Taxation Law General Principles of Taxation Direct Tax Laws
Tax Litigation Indirect Tax laws
International Taxation Corporate Tax
LLM Course Human Rights Concept of Human Rights & Human Duties Human Rights & Criminal Justice
Constitutional Governance of Human Rights in India International Humanitarian Law
Refugee Law People’s Rights to Self-determination
LLM Course Constitutional Law Law and Social Transformation in India Constitutionalism: Pluralism & Federalism
Indian Constitutional Law- The New Challenges Judicial Process
Mass Media Law Administrative Process and Judicial Control
LLM Course Environmental Law International Law and Environmental Protection Nature and Scope of Environmental Law
Environmental Protection and General Civil and Criminal Laws Protection of Environment under the Indian Constitution
Protection of Water, Air and Environment in India Emerging Issues in Environmental Law


LLM Course Specialization Subjects

During this two-year course, students taking the LLM Course in addition to mandatory subjects have to choose from several specializations. Various specializations like International Law, Criminal Law, Corporate Law, Business Law, Labour Law and so on are broken down into specific legal areas for each of them.

  • LLM Course International Law: Studying this course would mean checking the legal systems of many countries & intergovernmental bodies which is why it is popular in India; a jurisdiction with numerous job vacancies abroad. At ILS Law College, students take subjects including Comparative Law, International Law and International Relations: Developments and Trends, International Organizations, and International Dispute Resolution Bodies. This is one of the most prestigious institutions in India for specialization in this area. Graduates from the program usually make around INR 8,00,000 annually on average, while the tuition fee for the LLM in International Law is INR 2,00,000.
  • LLM Course Corporate Law: This course of Corporate Law specialization equips students with knowledge concerning the complexities when interacting with stakeholders, directors, employers as well as creditors. With this qualification, one can easily work in different areas including law enforcement agencies, or even become a legal consultant. Typically, the program of study covers such modules as Banking and Finance Law, European Law of Capital Markets, Corporate Social Responsibility and Law as well as Financial Models and Derivatives in Legal Context. In Corporate Law, the leading schools like National Law University Jodhpur or Mahatma Gandhi Law College Hyderabad provide extensive courses. The average cost for this specialization in LLM is approximately INR 3,00,000, and a graduate can expect to make INR 7,00,000 on average after graduating.
  • LLM Course Criminal Law: The LLM program in Criminal Law is particularly designed for students whose passion is to understand criminal law and all the areas it covers. It aims at providing a chance to explore behavior meant to cause harm to people on purpose that ultimately amounts to societal threats. Normally, this course outline covers components like the Indian Penal Code (IPC), Code of Criminal Procedure, and Criminal Jurisprudence. Exceptional law centers such as National Law University situated in Bhopal and Dr Ambedkar Law College based in Chennai are known for their proficiency in the same area. On the other hand, in Criminal Law, an average of 3 lakh INR is charged for one to do LLM which means that someone who is accredited would get something close to 10 lakh INR on average as their pay after graduating.


Scope of LLM Courses

Upon finishing an LLM Course, people have two main routes they could follow: 

Start of A Professional Career: 

  • Joining a legal firm or practicing in various courts in the following capacities: 
  • Joint Advisor Programme Officer 
  • Criminal Lawyer 
  • Corporate Lawyer 
  • Legal Consultant 
  • Judge 
  • Lawyer working for the Government


LLM course jobs

Professionally, law is an evergreen field. Both public and private sectors offer jobs in law. Expert LLM Course graduates can still start private firms and earn huge amounts of money by representing clients in different courts around the country.


Top recruiters 

Listed below are some top recruiters:

  • Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas & Co.
  • DSK Legal
  • Phoenix Legal
  • Trilegal India
  • AZB & Partners
  • Desai & Dewanji
  • Khaitan & Co.
  • Anand & Anand
  • J Sagar And Associates
  • Sagar Associates
  • Vaish Associates
  • S & R Associates


Job Profile 

Job Profiles Job Description
Advocate An Advocate typically works for himself and takes up cases for people who seeks legal help for any of their problems or grievances that they think they are not capable enough to fight for. 
Judge Being a judge is one of the most high worthy and notable jobs in India. A judge sits at the pinaccle of the judiciary system and it is his responsibility of giving judgement to any trails or cases that comes under him.
Notary The basic job of a notary is to become a witness to signing of various legal documents to lend legal credibility. 
Legal Document Reviewer A Legal Document Reviewer/Derivative’s job is to negotiate and review various kinds of legal documents and draft responses, ancillary documents etc.
Professor A professor imparts knowledge on all the subjects that are taught at various law schools and colleges. 
Consultant A Legal Consultant/Associate assists in contract summarization, contract management, legal research, drafting, litigation and research-related projects.



A Master of Laws who got an LLM may obtain different salaries regarding his/her career. Normally, the average salary range of Master of Law graduates is between INR 4 lacs and 12 lac per annum. The table below presents what various positions pay a Master of Laws graduate.

Job Profiles Average Salary (INR)
Advocate 4.5 – 8 LPA
Judge 12 – 18 LPA
Notary 3 – 5 LPA
Professor 5 – 10 LPA
Consultant 6 – 9 LPA

Various career specializations are provided in India’s legal profession and they can be rewarding as well. Corporate law or criminal justice, for instance, are such paths one could take as a lawyer that would ensure high pay rates and great chances for development. In this regard, there is no doubt that prospective legal practitioners stand a good chance of positively affecting the profession and moving up the career ladder given the shifting contours of law.


LLM Course: Entrance Exam Preparation

Preparing for LLM entrance exams in India requires strategic planning and focused study. Here are some concise tips to help you excel:

  1. Solidify Your Law Foundation:
    • Review and reinforce fundamental legal concepts from your LL.B. studies. Build a strong base in subjects like Constitutional Law, Contract Law, Criminal Law, and others relevant to your chosen specialization.
  2. Choose the Right Exam:
    • Select the appropriate entrance exam based on your target LLM programs. Common exams include CLAT (Common Law Admission Test), LSAT-India (Law School Admission Test – India), or specific university exams like AILET (All India Law Entrance Test).
  3. Practice with Past Papers and Mock Tests:
    • Acquaint yourself with the exam pattern and improve time management by solving previous years’ question papers and mock tests. This helps in understanding the format and refining your exam-taking strategy.
  4. Focus on Relevant Areas:
    • Emphasize legal reasoning, analytical writing, and comprehension skills, as these are crucial for LLM entrance exams. Practice solving case studies, legal reasoning questions, and essays to enhance these abilities.
  5. Consider Coaching or Online Resources:
    • Explore coaching institutes offering specialized LLM entrance exam preparation courses. Alternatively, utilize online resources such as study materials, practice tests, and video lectures for structured guidance.
  6. Stay Updated with Legal Developments:
    • Keep abreast of current legal affairs and updates, especially those pertinent to your exam syllabus. Understanding contemporary legal issues enhances your understanding and ability to analyze complex legal scenarios.

By following these tips and maintaining a disciplined study schedule, you can effectively prepare for LLM entrance exams and increase your chances of securing admission to your desired law school or university.




  1. What is LLM?
    • LLM stands for Master of Laws, a postgraduate academic degree in law.
  2. What are the eligibility criteria for LLM?
    • Candidates must have completed either a three-year LLB or a five-year integrated LLB program from a recognized university with a minimum aggregate score of 50-60%, depending on the institution.
  3. Which entrance exams are required for LLM admissions in India?
    • Common entrance exams include CLAT, AILET, LSAT India, IPU CET, DU LLM, and others conducted by specific universities.
  4. What is the duration of an LLM course?
    • LLM courses typically span two years if pursued full-time.
  5. What are the specialization options available in LLM?
    • Specializations include International Law, Corporate Law, Criminal Law, Intellectual Property Law, Taxation Law, and more.
  6. What is the fee range for LLM courses in India?
    • Fees can vary widely, ranging from INR 50,000 to INR 2.5 lakhs per annum, depending on the institution and whether it is a government or private university.
  7. What career opportunities are available after completing an LLM?
    • LLM graduates can work as advocates, legal advisors, consultants, professors, corporate lawyers, judges, and more, across various sectors including law firms, corporations, academia, and government.
  8. What are the job prospects for LLM graduates?
    • Job prospects are diverse and lucrative, with opportunities in corporate legal departments, law firms, consultancies, research institutions, and academia.
  9. What is the average salary of an LLM graduate?
    • Salaries vary based on specialization and employer but typically range from INR 4 to 12 lakhs per annum, depending on the role and experience.
  10. Are there scholarships available for LLM courses?
    • Yes, many universities and external organizations offer scholarships based on merit, financial need, or specific criteria.
  11. Can working professionals pursue LLM through distance education or executive programs?
    • Yes, some universities offer distance LLM or executive LLM programs tailored for working professionals, providing flexibility in study schedules.
  12. What is the admission process for LLM courses?
    • The process includes researching colleges, checking eligibility criteria, registering for entrance exams, filling out application forms, submitting required documents, and participating in the selection process which may include interviews.
  13. How should I prepare for LLM entrance exams?
    • Prepare by solidifying your legal foundation, practicing with past papers and mock tests, focusing on legal reasoning and analytical skills, considering coaching or online resources, and staying updated with legal developments.
  14. What are the key subjects covered in LLM courses?
    • Subjects include Constitutional Law, Corporate Law, Criminal Law, International Law, Intellectual Property Law, Human Rights Law, and more depending on the specialization.
  15. What are the benefits of pursuing an LLM?
    • Benefits include specialized legal knowledge, enhanced career opportunities, higher earning potential, and preparation for advanced legal roles or academia.
  16. Is an LLM necessary for practicing law in India?
    • While not mandatory, an LLM can provide deeper legal expertise and improve career prospects for practicing law in specialized areas.
  17. What are the challenges of pursuing an LLM?
    • Challenges may include rigorous academic demands, competitive entrance exams, and the cost of tuition fees, especially for private institutions.
  18. Can international students apply for LLM courses in India?
    • Yes, international students can apply but may need to meet specific eligibility criteria and visa requirements.
  19. What should I include in my LLM application essay/personal statement?
    • Focus on your motivations for pursuing LLM, career goals, relevant experience, and how the program aligns with your aspirations.
  20. How can I choose the best LLM program and college?
    • Consider factors like faculty expertise, specialization offerings, placement records, alumni network, accreditation, location, and affordability when selecting an LLM program.


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