LLB Course: Full Form, Admission 2024, Fees, Top Colleges, Syllabus, Entrance Exam, Career

LLB is an undergraduate degree program for the student who just passed Class 12 and wants to proceed with their career in the law field. It is one of the most common law systems in India. Recently, students have been highly interested in the LLB UG degree. Today, we will talk about everything on the LLB course-

LLB Course Details: Highlights

Particulars Details
LLB Full Form LLB full form is Bachelor of Laws
LLB Course Eligibility Criteria Graduation with a minimum of 55 percent marks
LLB Course Duration 3 years
LLB Course Fee Up to INR 3 lakh
LLB Top Colleges Banaras Hindu University, RGSOIPL, Lucknow University and Amity University
LLB Average Salary INR 3 to 6 lakh
LLB Top Recruiters Bar Council of India, Law Firms, Multinational Companies, Public Sector and Private Sector Banks, Government Departments, Legal Process Outsourcing
LLB Entrance Exams DU LLB Entrance Exam, BHU Undergraduate Entrance Test, Telangana State Law Common Entrance Test
LLB Job Positions Advocate, Legal Advisor, Solicitor, Legal Manager, Law Officer


LLB Full Form: 

LLB stands for “Legum Baccalaureus” in Latin, commonly known as Bachelor of Laws or Bachelor of Legislative Laws. It is 3 years course(5 years in the case of integrated programs). This degree signifies that the holder has a basic knowledge of the law and is eligible to practice it. Under LLB Undergraduate courses, cover Contract Law, Criminal Law, Civil Law, Property Law, Corporate Law, and Constitutional Law.

Bachelor of Laws (LLB): An Overview

What is an LLB?

The LLB, or Bachelor of Laws (Latin: Legum Baccalaureus), is a comprehensive degree that equips students with essential legal knowledge and skills for a career in law. It serves as a foundational stepping stone for anyone aspiring to practice law professionally.

Types of LLB Programs

  1. Three-Year LLB Program:
    • Designed for graduates who already hold a bachelor’s degree in any discipline.
    • Provides an intensive study of law over a three-year period.
  2. Five-Year Integrated LLB Program:
    • Combines undergraduate studies with legal education, typically taken after completing high school (Class 12).
    • Common integrated programs include BA LLB, BBA LLB, B.Com LLB, and B.Sc LLB.
    • Offers a blend of arts, business, commerce, or science with legal studies, providing a holistic education.

Core Subjects and Focus Areas

The LLB curriculum is designed to cover a wide range of legal subjects, ensuring a well-rounded legal education. Key areas of focus include:

  • Constitutional Law: Understanding the framework of the constitution and the functioning of government institutions.
  • Criminal Law: Study of offenses and penalties under the Indian Penal Code (IPC).
  • Contract Law: Principles governing agreements and enforceable contracts.
  • Family Law: Legal aspects related to marriage, divorce, and family matters.
  • Law of Torts: Civil wrongs and remedies.
  • Company Law: Regulations related to corporate entities.
  • Environmental Law: Legal measures for environmental protection.
  • Public International Law: Laws governing international relations and treaties.
  • Labour and Industrial Law: Laws related to employment and industrial relations.
  • Property Law: Regulations concerning property ownership and transactions.
  • Tax Law: Principles and regulations of taxation.
  • Evidence Law (IEA): Rules governing the admissibility of evidence in courts.

Additionally, practical skills and training papers are included to provide hands-on experience and soft skills development.

Eligibility Criteria

  1. Three-Year LLB Program:
    • Requires a bachelor’s degree in any discipline from a recognized university.
    • Minimum marks required may vary depending on the institution.
  2. Five-Year Integrated LLB Program:
    • Completion of Class 12 (or equivalent) from a recognized board.
    • Minimum marks required in Class 12 may vary by university and program.

Entrance Exams

Admission to LLB programs often involves competitive entrance exams, which may include:

  • Common Law Admission Test (CLAT): Widely accepted for admission to National Law Universities (NLUs) and other prestigious law schools.
  • Law School Admission Test (LSAT-India): Used by various private law colleges.
  • All India Law Entrance Test (AILET): Specific to National Law University, Delhi.
  • University-Specific Exams: Many universities conduct their own entrance tests for LLB admissions.

Importance of an LLB Degree

  • Mandatory for Practicing Law: In India, completing an LLB is essential to practice as a lawyer. Graduates must also pass the All India Bar Examination (AIBE) to obtain a license to practice.
  • Diverse Career Opportunities: An LLB degree opens doors to various career paths, including roles as advocates, legal advisors, judges, and corporate legal counsels.
  • Foundation for Further Studies: Graduates can pursue higher studies in law, such as LLM (Master of Laws), or specialize in specific legal fields.


LLB Course Details:

As we know LLB is a basic degree for a career in the law. Here is the summary-

  • Duration: Typically 3 years for students who have already completed an undergraduate degree in another field, and 5 years for an integrated course (e.g., BA LLB, BSc LLB, BBA LLB).

  • Curriculum: The core subjects are Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, Contract Law, Tort Law, Administrative Law, and Family Law, among others. Additionally, students may study international law, environmental law, intellectual property law, and human rights law.

  • Eligibility: For the three-year program, the candidate required a bachelor’s degree and met the minimum marks in Class 12 for the five-year program (varies by university).

  • Entrance Exam: To enrol in the LLE degree program, candidates need to qualify for the entrance exam, like CLAT, LSAT-India, AILET, or university-specific exams.

  • Mandatory: To practise the law in India, it is to complete the LLB with passing marks.

  • After LLB: Wide range of options available after LLB in the field of law. Enrol in the Bar Council of India (BCI) and practice in Indian Courts. Make sure to register with their respective State Bar Councils as an Advocate to start their advocate career.



Feature LLB LLM
Level Undergraduate Postgraduate
Duration 3-5 years 1-2 years
Eligibility 10+2 with minimum marks OR Bachelor’s degree LLB degree
Focus Foundational legal knowledge
Specialization in a specific area of law
Curriculum Core legal subjects (contract, tort, criminal)
Advanced courses in chosen specialization (international law, IP law, tax law)
Specialisation General law studies
Specialized legal fields (e.g., Intellectual Property, International Law)
Jobs Offered Lawyer, Advocate, Legal Advisor, Judicial Officer, Corporate Lawyer, Legal NGO Officer
Law Professor, Legal Specialist, Corporate Legal Advisor, In-house Counsel, Consultant, Policy Analyst
Average Annual Salary (India) INR 4-8 lakhs (starting)
INR 6-12 lakhs (depending on specialization and experience)


Types of LLB:-

In India, there are three types of LLB courses available. Let’s understand them-

1. 3-Year LLB Course: This type of LLB program is typically offered for students who have already completed a bachelor’s degree in another field and wish to pursue a legal education.

2. 5-year Integrated LLB Course: This type of LLB program is offered for students who have completed their high school (12th grade). It combines undergraduate education with law education. It allows students to earn both a bachelor’s degree and an LLB in five years. Here are the types of integrated LLB courses in India-

  • BA LLB: For 5 years after Class 12 with 50-55 percent marks. It is focused on humanities and social sciences.

  • BBA LLB: For 5 years after Class 12 with 50-55 percent marks. It is focused on business management.

  • BSc LLB: For 5 years after Class 12 with 50-55 percent marks. It is focused on science subjects.

  • BCom LLB: For 5 years after Class 12 with 50-55 percent marks. It is focused on commerce subjects.

  • BLS LLB: For 5 years after any bachelor’s degree with 50-55 percent marks. It is focused on providing law education to those who want to switch their career.

3. LLM (Master of Laws): After completing LLB, candidates can upgrade their skills with an LLM degree. It is a specialised course in a specific area of law. LLM is a postgraduate course.

LLB Course Eligibility Criteria:-

For students who want to do LLB courses, here are the eligibility criteria to get LLB admission. Let’s check out

  • Educational Qualification: For a 3-year LLB course, candidates must have completed a bachelor’s degree of 3 years or 4 years in any stream from a recognized university. For a 5-year integrated LLB course, candidates must have completed 10+2 from a recognized board.

  • Minimum Marks: There is a minimum marks requirement from the colleges. Generally, a minimum of 45-50% marks in the qualifying exam. This may vary depending on the institution and category of the candidate. For General category, it usually ranges between 55-60 percent and for SC/ST category candidates, it ranges between 45-50 percent.

  • Age Limit: Some universities have an age limit restriction. Well, the Bar Council of India has recommended removing age limits.


LLB Course Admission Process:-

Here is the step-by-step guide to getting LLB admission to pursue a career in the law and legal field. Follow the steps for LLB admission-

  • Check Eligibility Criteria: Make sure you fulfil the required eligibility criteria for LLB admission. We already listed above.

  • Entrance Exams: There are two types of entrance exam for the LLB admission. For National Level: CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) for NLUs, AILET (All India Law Entrance Test) for NLU Delhi, LSAT India (Law School Admission Test). For University Level: Exams like DU LLB Entrance Exam (Delhi University), BHU UET (Banaras Hindu University), and others. Candidates need to clear these entrance exams for LLB admission.

  • Application Form: Once you decide on your colleges and entrance exam, candidates need to fill out the application form for the respective form from their official website. Check the official website for the exam details in the respirate college or university.

  • Admit Card: After successful registration, candidates receive an admit card to appear for the entrance exam after colleges release the admit card. It is usually some weeks before the exam.

  • Entrance Exam: Now, Candidates need to appear for the exam on the scheduled date and need to perform well.

  • Results and Merit List: Based on performance in the entrance exam, results will be declared, and a merit list will be prepared.

  • Counselling and Seat Allocation: Shortlisted candidates are called for counselling, during which they can choose their preferred college and course based on their rank and availability of seats.

  • Final Admission: Candidates must complete the final admission process, which includes document verification and payment of fees.


LLB Cut off 2024 for CLAT Exam

CLAT Participating NLUs Opening Rank Closing Ranks
National Law School of India University, Bangalore 1 13869
NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad 8 16269
The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata 117 12809
National Law Institute University, Bhopal


217 17826
422 27962
National Law University, Jodhpur 155 7467
Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar 33 10805
Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow 184 20391
Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala 401 25179
Chanakya National Law University Patna 932 33540
National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi 413 28235
National Law University Odisha, Cuttack 470 34635
National University of Study & Research in Law, Ranchi 933 40538
National Law University & Judicial Academy, Assam 1047 48523
Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University (DSNLU) Visakhapatnam 1002 38481
The Tamil Nadu National Law School, Tiruchirapalli 807 44427
Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai 64 43608
Maharashtra National Law University, Nagpur 796 40090
999 46384
Maharashtra National Law University, Aurangabad 1390 46407
Himachal Pradesh National Law University, Shimla 1056 38853
Dharmashastra National Law University, Jabalpur 1314 48558
Dr B R Ambedkar National Law University Sonipat, Haryana 1094 25003
Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur 417 170



LLB Course Subjects and Syllabus

LLB 1st year Subjects
LLB Subjects- Semester 1
Law of Torts including Consumer Protection Law Law of Crimes
Family Law I Legal Methods
    LLB Subjects- Semester 2
Criminal Procedure Code, Juvenile Justice Act, and Probation of Offenders Act Law of Contract II
Constitutional Law I Constitutional Law II
LLB 2nd year Syllabus
LLB Subjects- Semester 3
Property Law Public International Law
Moot Court and Trial Advocacy Company Law
  LLB Subjects- Semester 4
Law of Taxation Labour Law I
Interpretation of Statutes and Judicial Process Civil Procedure Code and Law of Limitation
LLB 3rd year Subjects
                  LLB Subjects- Semester 5
Drafting, Pleading and Conveyancing Human Rights Law and Theory
Law, Poverty and Development Intellectual Property Rights
                                            LLB Subjects- Semester 6
Professional Ethics and Bar-Bench Relations  Banking and Insurance Law
 Environmental Law  Dissertation and Project




Top Law Colleges in India:-

Here is the list of Best law colleges in India that you can consider.

  • National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Bangalore

  • National Academy of Legal Studies and Research (NALSAR), Hyderabad

  • National Law University (NLU), Delhi

  • The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences (WBNUJS), Kolkata

  • Symbiosis Law School, Pune

  • Faculty of Law, University of Delhi



LLB Skills Required

Category Skill Description
Legal Knowledge Constitutional Law Understanding of India’s Constitution and its principles.
Contract Law Knowledge of contract formation, interpretation, and enforcement.
Criminal Law Understanding of different crimes, punishments, and criminal justice procedures.
Civil Law Knowledge of civil disputes, torts, property rights, and remedies.
Specific Laws Expertise in specific areas like family law, corporate law, or intellectual property law (depending on specialization).
Research & Analysis Legal Research Ability to effectively research legal issues, analyze case law, and identify relevant legal precedents.
Critical Thinking Skill to critically analyze legal arguments, identify strengths and weaknesses, and formulate sound legal reasoning.
Communication Skills Written Communication Ability to draft clear, concise, and persuasive legal documents like contracts, petitions, and legal opinions.
Oral Communication Strong oral advocacy skills to effectively present arguments in court, negotiate settlements, and interview clients.
Client Communication Ability to clearly communicate legal complexities to clients in a way they understand, building trust and rapport.
Other Skills Time Management Efficiently managing caseloads, meeting deadlines, and prioritizing tasks.
Problem-Solving Ability to identify legal problems, develop creative solutions, and adapt to changing situations.
Client Management Building strong relationships with clients, understanding their needs, and providing effective legal representation.
Ethics & Professionalism Maintaining high ethical standards, adhering to professional codes of conduct, and displaying integrity in all dealings.


3 Year LLB vs 5 Year LLB

Feature 3-Year LLB
5-Year LLB (Integrated)
Eligibility Bachelor’s degree in any discipline
10+2 with minimum 50-55 percent marks
Duration 3 years 5 years
Focus Intensive legal studies
Dual focus on Law and another subject ( BA, BBA, BSc, BCom)
Curriculum Core legal subjects only
Core legal subjects + Humanities/Management/ Science/Commerce subjects
Cost Generally cheaper
Can be more expensive due to longer duration
Career Pathways Similar to 5-Year LLB, but may require additional professional certification for specialization
Broader range of career options due to dual expertise
Time Commitment High intensity for 3 years
Slightly less intense over 5 years
Entrance Exams Usually requires entrance exams like CLAT or LSAT India
Requires entrance exams like CLAT, AILET, or university-specific tests
Suitability Ideal for graduates who want a fast-track entry into law
Ideal for students who are clear about pursuing law after 10+2 and want a broader educational experience


LLB Career, Scope, Top Recruiters and Job Profiles

Job Profile Job Description Average Salary
Lawyer In this job profile, one needs to advise and represent clients in civil as well as criminal cases. Lawyers present cases in the court of law and take part in all proceedings and hearings. INR 8 – 10 LPA
Legal Advisor Candidates opting to work in such a job profile are also lawyers who specialise in a specific field of law. Legal advisors are usually hired by the government as well as large organisations/companies. INR 8 – 12 LPA
Advocate In such a job profile, one needs to do a lot of research work to gather factual data as well as physical evidence to support their claim. INR 5 – 8 LPA
Solicitor A solicitor is an individual who is specialised in a specific area of law like tax, litigation, family or property. Solicitors offer legal advice to private as well as commercial clients. INR 7 – 10 LPA
Lecturer After completing an LLB degree, candidates can also teach law at the college or university level. INR 6 – 10 LPA



LLB Top Recruiters

Top Recruiters for Law Courses
Amarchand & Mangaldas & Suresh A Shroff & Co. S&R Associates
AZB & Partners Economic Laws Practice
Khaitan & CO Desai & Diwanji
J Sagar Associates Trilegal
Luthra & Luthra Law Offices Talwar Thakore & Associates




FAQs on LLB Course

1. What does LLB stand for?

LLB stands for “Legum Baccalaureus” in Latin, commonly known as Bachelor of Laws or Bachelor of Legislative Laws.

2. What are the types of LLB courses available in India?

There are three types of LLB courses in India: 3-Year LLB, 5-Year Integrated LLB (e.g., BA LLB, BBA LLB), and LLM (Master of Laws).

3. What is the eligibility criteria for the 3-year LLB course?

Candidates must have completed a bachelor’s degree in any stream from a recognized university with a minimum of 45-50% marks.

4. What is the eligibility criteria for the 5-year integrated LLB course?

Candidates must have completed 10+2 from a recognized board with a minimum of 45-50% marks. Some institutions may have different requirements.

5. What entrance exams are required for LLB admission in India?

Common entrance exams include CLAT, LSAT-India, AILET, and various university-specific exams like DU LLB Entrance Exam and BHU UET.

6. What are the core subjects covered in the LLB curriculum?

Core subjects include Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, Contract Law, Tort Law, Administrative Law, and Family Law.

7. Can I pursue an LLM after completing an LLB?

Yes, after completing an LLB, candidates can pursue an LLM to specialize in a specific area of law.

8. What is the age limit for LLB admission?

Some universities have an age limit, but the Bar Council of India has recommended removing age limits for LLB courses.

9. What is the admission process for LLB courses?

The process includes checking eligibility, appearing for entrance exams, applying to colleges, receiving admit cards, taking the exams, and participating in counseling and seat allocation.

10. Which are the top law colleges in India?

Top law colleges include National Law School of India University (NLSIU) Bangalore, National Academy of Legal Studies and Research (NALSAR) Hyderabad, and National Law University (NLU) Delhi.

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