Legal Education

This blog is inscribed by Jigyasa Kumari.

Law is hard, But it is the law.

Cassandra Clare

Introduction

Law is the cement of society which is an essential medium of changes of knowledge. Legal education is an education that means acquiring knowledge and skill for the subject law which leads to getting a position in the field of law. It deals with the study of making a systematic body for society. Education is a process of gaining knowledge that makes a difference in the behavior culture language and personality development. Every field of education sees society, humans, with a different perspective. But everything done is governed by law. LAW itself says many things. It is that ocean of knowledge which has endless depth. Law has a wider scope in the field of education. The students who pursue law as a subject are regarded as law professionals. The law as a subject has a multi-dimensional scope and aim and objective which has a focus on the development of the society. As Rome was not built in a day the same as it was not easy to establish the law in a year it took many years and still the process is going and it will continue forever. So as studying law has no end. Law promotes accuracy of expression, vision, mission, better argument skills, interpretation skills are being enhanced by the learning of law. Law as a subject creates responsible and responsive social layering .it indulges the profession which is practiced in courts, research in law, teaching in law. According to justices Krishna lyre he defined the profession as a noble calling and the people pursuing law has every different status .it is the foundation of every society, it produces aspiring judges, academicians, lawyer. In India legal education is referred to as an education that is done before entering the practicing. It is also regarded as the education which not only works for its client but the entire society so that the working of the society never stops.

History

The history of legal education is based on the branches of dharma .the Vedas and Smriti the ancient times the king was superior and his order where the final judgment the case was presented near the king and their member for the committees in the ancient giving justices was not a long process it took one Sabha to conclude the justice every day many cases where discussed .the ancient time was the period when the law slowly build up. The difference in punishment was decided acc. to the crime. In this era introduction of the word nay was done which means justice. In the medieval period, a new word was introduced by Mughal was vakil as the representation of litigation.
After the king’s rule was the British came to India for the very first the legal education was established in India in the year 1855. The British made Indian what is law and how is work but only harsh law known by the British they imposed on the Indian but as the law was started as a profession many people became vakil, professor, judicial officer. They lead to start a newer version of development in the country. The dual system of the court was even introduced i.e. the companys court and the crowns courts.
History bears testimony to the almost evolutionary changes that have revolutionized the teaching of law in current balance from what it was during yesteryears. After the independence the bar council was made under the sec. 4 of advocate act 1961. The very first institution was established in the year 1985 at Bangalore which is the national law college university. Which comprises of the program of LL. B it was an achievement in the field of law.it guided the student with moot courts, seminars, and case studies. Which enhances the skill of the law student? As the enactment of the advocate act 1961 many changes were brought in the legal education. The enhancement in the teaching method, the introduction of the new institution, law as a basic profession was some of it. The modern times needs more dynamic changes which will uplift the legal education. As the premier universities of Calcutta, Bombay, madras which is known as Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai which was established by 1857. Very first government law school 1855 which was affiliated with Bombay University 1860 was established for legal education.
A. to the older law only a 3-year degree was being given to the law professional but after the introduction national law university’s 5-year integrated program is stared which includes B.A ll. b, B.com ll. b, Bba. Ll. b, B.tect. ll. B Bsc.llb which provides the degree of dual specialization. The enhancement in legal education has taken the law to a higher level.

Aim of legal education


The legal education aims to build up the future of the society the vision of the legal education is to make the country a place with proper justice, full of safety and freedom to live the life the way people want.
The basic aim of legal education are—
To train the student as a legal professional. As their occupation and lawyers are the ones who can take legal education to one step higher so main the aim of legal education is to make efficient and successful lawyer which will uplift the modern society.
Law is subject which make the society better place to live in so one of the aims is to make the place where freedom of life, speech, religion, caste, and creed, language comes first every person is accepted in his or her way .the aim is to make everyone aware about the basic fundamental rights.
Legal education is not studied by everyone so people misuse the law as fundamental rights and sentiment are hurt so legal education aims to make the people about the law and advocate are key to making the changes in society. Legal education only is known by people by the judgment of the cases which reflect justice to society.
Law emphasis on making the right road for the future. As the future of law is completely based on the skill and education of the legal profession.
The law is based on the generation of different kinds of skills for the development of society.
The law plays an important role in the broadening the opportunity for the law student to get excel in the field of law
It works on the administration of the society so that administration works effectively and efficiently.

Law work as multi-dimensional as social, economic, political, scientific matter the law aims to work as multi-handed so that justice could be provided to all the matter. Where it’s being in-home or aboard.
As the independence of the state, many committee were set up for legal education which included Radhakrishnan committee in the year 1948-1949 which was also known as the education committee which could not get success after that Bombay legal education 1949 which was again a flop then Setalvad committee in 1954 was also a flop. After a few years, a new committee Gajendra Gadkari in the year 1970 established a committee that emphasis on the aim of legal education which was a successful attempt, and afterward it’s all the objective where fulfilled.

It aims to give knowledge of the basic subject of law and practice it. The good lawyer would work for the Indian citizen, NGO, government, business, and for everyone.

Objectives

The objectives of legal education are to produce good lawyers, judges, law researchers, and legal advisers law teacher.

The lawyer is the founder of law who interprets the law from the book, journals, and bare acts and assists the court to solve the problem of the litigant.

Ethical layering should be focused on curriculum inputs and practical exposure.

Lawyers should be honest, sincere & dedicated to the interest of their clients and the society.

A lawyer is a profession that has the leadership and team spirit quality for working constructively as a team member with border vision.
Value-based legal education is the need of the day. It helps in developing good interpersonal relationships, self-esteem, and confidence.
The study of law should focus on both substantive and procedural laws
One of the objectives is to focus on the legal system of the world so that the law professionals don’t feel that they are at a complete loss on adopting the comparative approach.

The student should emphasize the active participation in debates, discussion, moot courts, seminars for the development of the skills in the field of law.
The proper experience should be provided by law schools for better implementation of the rules.

Present scenario

Legal education is affected by multiple factors like Government Policy, BCI, UGC, Affiliating Universities, private government, the body of law college, National litigation policy, development in the legal profession, development in the legal system, the kind of student who enrolls, The caliber & commitment of the faculty. The Infrastructure available, Technological advancement, the development in other fields of education, and the changes in society.

The present Legal / Judiciary system of India is facing the challenge of giving justice to poor people. The people who are deprived of the constitutional and fundamental rights and little access to court suffer a lot. The good quality of legal services needs to pay with a huge amount which is a trouble situation for the common people. The high-quality assistance and access to justice are diminishing. The good law graduates join the corporate sector which affects the civil and criminal litigation at the local level there is a huge scarcity of well-qualified law professional who deals at the local level. So, the legal education should prepare the student with the aptitude, reasoning, interest, skill knowledge, commitment to work with the poor, socially excluded people from the student.

The regulation of legal education is suffering from many imperfections and needs careful reconsideration. The four agencies which are universities, the state government, the university grant commission, the bar council of India have a different direction, and interest they don’t guide improvement of legal education in India.

Challenges

As every profession faces challenges on the road of success. So, as the study legal education people face many challenges:

  1. Stress -one of the basic problems faced by the law profession is stressed the workload of the cases and extra work which is to be complete gives the stress which the health of the people. Whether be a lawyer or a law student the stress level is equal. The level of tolerance and patience is also being tested. Large no. of rule, acts, bills, section, article to be remembered and apply in everyday work is a huge challenge
  2. Long hours of study- As reading law is not easy work to do so long hours are always taken to complete the work every day 11 hours of work is spent on the work or studies as law as a special quality that more you spend more you gain.
  3. Competition in the job market – As the competition in the market is too high. Every field of education faces this problem as the law has a wider scope than the number. Of professional are increasing which result in a huge competition.
  4. The client doesn’t spend more – The people are not aware of the laws and regulations so after seeing billing hikes that exceeded, the client began demanding to keep their billing hikes reasonable.
  5. Technology-As the legal system is not dependent on the technology still all the work
    It is done by writing no use of technology is accepted.
  6. Poor public image -As being a lawyer is not an easy task public miss judges the personality as the more aggressive person or argumentative. Good skills are not seen by people. Which built a poor image?

Conclusion; –

Legal education has changed drastically from the past 10 years but still, reforms are needed to make it effective and justice-oriented. There are some issues which need to be looked into for repairing holes in our current legal system such as emphasis should be laid on research and publication activities, need to reform curriculum at the earnest, trained faculty, imparting training based education, the introduction of law subjects at school level as to ensure a basic knowledge of the law to students of all stream, etc. This will help in the growth and development of legal education with an increase in the reputation of the profession to meet the challenges of the field and to grow and contribute by providing the fullest opportunity to law aspirants for the progress of the country.

References-

  1. www.legalservice .com
  2. www.barcouncilofindia.org
  3. www.manupatra.com

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