Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has bought an Apocalypse-like situation in the whole world. India is also going through the same situation as the number of COVID-19 affected people is increasing day by day. To get rid of this problem Indian Government has implemented many strict preventive measures and restrictions too. These strict preventive measures and restrictions are nothing but a nationwide lockdown. Due to this lockdown citizens are facing numerous physical, emotional and economical problems. This paper was written to highlight the impact of Covid-19 and lockdown on the mental health of individuals. Moreover, this paper does highlights the symptoms of COVID-19 and its impact on various sectors too like the education sector, economical sector, tourism sector and most importantly the environment.
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is defined as an illness caused by a novel coronavirus now called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2 which was formerly called 2019-nCoV). It was first distinguished in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China. It was initially reported to the WHO on December 31, 2019. On March 11, 2020, the WHO declared COVID-19 a global pandemic. 
The most widely recognized symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, dry hack, and sleepiness, sore throat. Many other uncommon symptoms may influence a few patients. People can take simple precautions like cleaning hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water, maintain at least 1mt. distance from others, wear masks, avoid going to crowded places, avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth, follow good respiratory hygiene and Stay home and self-isolate even with minor symptoms.
To avoid the spread of COVID19, all the countries are have imposed Lockdown. Lockdown means people are supposed to stay at their homes for a specified period. Different countries like China, India, Brazil, Italy, America, New Zealand, Pakistan, UK and others imposed a lockdown for specific times. In India, there was a national lockdown from 24th March for 21 days. All schools, colleges, offices, malls, Courts, Parks, Markets, Restaurants, transport, religious and tourist places were closed during the lockdown. People were supposed to stay at their homes, no ceremonies, functions, gatherings, etc were allowed. There are still certain restrictions like international travel, metros, rails, border movements, schools, colleges, etc. The situation has been changed due to pandemics. People are not allowed to move freely wherever they want. There is still lockdown in certain places.
The Covid19 has overwhelmed the entire world. It has a great social, economic and political impact on the entire world. It has some positive impact on some sector and negative on some. It has an impact on various sectors like education, transportation, industrial, tourism, economy and many others.
Impact on the education sector– Lockdown on educational institutions has impacted the education sector. Students and teachers cannot go to schools and colleges. Classes and exams are conducting online. Syllabus, the pattern of all exams, their dates, everything has changed now. Teachers, Students, Parents, Management authorities all are facing problems due to this. There is an economic loss to educational institutions. They are facing big challenges.
Impact on Tourism– According to UNWTO, “World Tourism Barometer shows that the near-complete lockdown imposed in response to the pandemic led to a 98 percent fall in international tourist numbers in May”. Many countries and states have imposed restrictions on travel. All the tourism places like religious places, adventure places, museums, amusements parks, sports activities, monuments are closed. There is a big loss to places where tourism is the only source of income. There are countries like India, Pakistan, Nigeria, Bangladesh and many others which are very much based on tourism.
Impact on Environment- Positive impact of COVID19 Lockdown on environment and climate. The quality of air and water, Wildlife and vegetation has been improved. Climatic conditions are good now. A lot of endangered and extinct species are reborn. Pollution has been reduced. All I can say that “Earth is healing” because of the COVID19 lockdown.
There is so much impact on the industrial sector. Factories and industries are closed. There is a decrease in productivity and demand for goods. They are facing an economic crisis as markets were closed for a long time.
There is much economic loss to transportation. As most of the places were closed, the use of transport decreased. People are still not using public transport. Taxi drivers, bus drivers, Rickshaw and auto-rickshaw drivers facing problems. They do not have another source of income.
There is much decrease in the employment rate. A lot of people have lost their jobs because of their lockdown. “According to ILO chief, global unemployment already stood at around 190 million.” The Labour class is suffering a lot. They don’t have money to earn a livelihood. The poverty rate has been increased. People are dying because of hunger.
There is so much impact on the health of people. People are mentally disturbed because of continuously staying in their homes. People are scared of this disease. People are not getting treatment for other diseases because of the pandemic. Hospitals are busy with the treatment of COVID19 patients.
Impact on Economy- Global economy has been hit hard by a global pandemic and lockdown … Several businesses have been shut down due to this. As per “IMF worldwide economy is required to recoil by more than 3 percent in 2020”. The government sector, transportation, tourism, industrial sector, markets, share markets, educational sector and many other sectors were closed. All these sectors in some way harm economy. Corruption has been increased. World Bank, RBI and all other banks are facing a crisis. They do not have money. The economy is going down day by day. Countries are trying their best to recover their economic conditions but it will take time.
COVID19 and Lockdown have a great impact on the entire world. People are facing so many problems. Their life has changed completely. Their life is no more the same as before COVID19. All the sectors are facing crisis whether it’s education, economy, tourism, transport, industrial, jobs and others. There is a good impact on the environment. Environment conditions have changed in a good way. There is much effect on the mental health of people. People have become more concerned about their physical health. Some people are using this time wisely. They are using this time in learning new things, giving time to their families. This pandemic has changed the World completely. People have become more virtual. Internet productivity has increased the most. There is so much benefit to the technology sector. Now the World is completely different.
This paper does provide an overview of the evidence on the mental health and well-being of the children and other people during the lockdown and COVID-19 pandemic too.
The findings say that there is a direct and a negative impact on the mental health and well-being of children and other people too. The education sector is affected the most as because of lockdown no offline classes could be conducted and due to which mental problems are being faced by the children but now since the vaccination for the same(COVID-19) has come a breath of peace could be taken moreover due to emergence of the vaccine in some areas schools and colleges are opening but with a limited number of attendance and parent’s consent too. In the end would like to say that the situation are getting back to normal and hope that will get better soon.
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