Human Trafficking and Internet

Introduction

Human trafficking is very much prevalent in a country like India. According to the modern scenario, thousands of men, women and children of all ages are being forced into human trafficking. There are many states in India which are the primary sources of human trafficking. In this era of vast number of internet users, the internet is just as important as a basic need of a human being, it is quite easy for the traffickers to lure girls or women. With the increase in the usage of social media amongst the youth, the traffickers can easily contact or connect with them and can easily access their plans virtually. The wrongdoing of human dealing carried out over the web is called digital wrongdoing. These crimes are related in cyberspace and use the internet as their means to their commission. Human trafficking is a serious issue which is increasing at an alarming rate every day.

In the simplest sense, human trafficking is a means of slavery[1]. Although slavery has been legally abolished throughout the world[2], the practice remains robust both in all round the world. As they have done for centuries, slave traders–now called “traffickers”–entrap vulnerable populations including men, women, and kids by forcing them into involuntary servitude[3]. Today, forced laborers are normally traded or sold-out across the country and internationally as agricultural and industrial employees, soldiers, sex workers, and bound sex slaves–women and kids recruited, harbored, transported, or otherwise obtained for the “purpose of commercial sex act[4].”

What Is Human Trafficking?

Human trafficking is an illegal trade of people. It is a business in which girls or even boys are transported from one states or country to another for several purposes such as forced labor, organ removal, prostitution or laboring children for war purposes, slavery etc. It even takes place between countries. In India, according to the reports analyzed, Bangladesh and Nepal are the major sources of transmission of girls to India.

Human trafficking, a type of modern slavery, is a grim reality of the 21st-century world landscape in developed also as developing countries. Whereas traditional channels of trafficking stay in place, online technologies provide traffickers the unprecedented  ability to use a larger range of victims and advertise their services across geographic boundaries.[5]

The National Crime Records Bureau statistics stated that 3 out of 5 persons trafficked in 2016 were kids below the age of eighteen years. It’s conjointly estimated that in 2016, almost 20,000 ladies and youngsters were victims of human trafficking.

Sex Trafficking And Related Cases

Sex trafficking is a form of human trafficking for sexual exploitation. It’s a form of modern-day slavery where mainly girls perform commercial sex through force, coercion, undue influence, or by fraud. Sex trafficking on the internet is done via mobiles and computers. Mobile phones became a basic need for us. During this modern scenario having a mobile isn’t a giant issue everybody has it, which makes it convenient for the sex traffickers to draw in individuals for the activity. In some of the cases, it was seen that the women are from a poor section of society but they need Smartphone with an online connection or if the web isn’t available a call can work. The traffickers simply speak sweetly with the teenagers and entice them simply.

In a case which happened in Delhi in the year 2017, a girl named Farzana (changed name) called her mother after three months from the phone of one of her clients from GB road, Delhi- one of India’s largest red-light district. This girl was from a small village in West Bengal South, 24 pagans district. She was preparing for her matriculation exam and was the fourth child among five. Her elder brother was the bread earner in her family and she was very lucky as she got an opportunity to get herself educated. In April 2017, she received a call on her phone from an unknown number. A soft-spoken boy spoke to her and said that he got the number from her brother. After a few days they started to have a prolonged conversation over the phone, he lured her by showing a happy and rich life and about love. When she left her home with that boy, he took her to Muniya and asked her to teach Farzana ‘the work’. When Farzana questioned about the work, he answered with a slap, and thereafter she got the ‘training’. Then she was involved in prostitution. Sabir had lured Farzana into sex trafficking by simply calling her over the phone even without meeting her in person.

Child Trafficking

One of the foremost serious problems prevailing in India is kid Trafficking. Consistent with the reports revealed by U.S. a part of State, “India is a source, objective and travel country for men, women, and kids presented for compelled work and sex managing”. The kids of poor sections are usually trafficked towards forced labor. The parents of these children are lured by their poor socio-economic condition; they are forced to send their child for better livelihood. The traffickers promise the parents for a huge wage amount and transport the children to big cities.

Usually sex trafficking takes place on the internet because the trafficker does not have to go to the house of the girls in order to lure her parents for the job, they simply sit with their phones, call or message the girls and their work is done.

Why Should You Be Educated About Human Trafficking?

  • It may affect you or someone you know and love someday. Trafficking women and children for sexual exploitation is the fastest growing criminal enterprise in the world.
  • Human sex trafficking violates basic human rights, including the rights to bodily integrity, equality, dignity, health, security, and freedom from violence and torture.
  • Survivors of sex trafficking tell stories of daily degradation of mind and body. They are typically isolated, intimidated, or sold. They are subject to severe physical and sexual assault by multiple sexual assaults and beatings. Most live under constant mental and physical threat.
  • If the victim is able to make it out alive, many of them suffer severe emotional trauma as well, including symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder and disassociation.
  • They are at greater risk of contracting sexually transmissible infections, including HIV/AIDS and may become pregnant and may be forced to have unsafe abortions.

The Laws For The Protection Against Human Trafficking

  • Article 23 and 24 of the constitution deals with Right against Exploitation. The trafficking of human and forced labor is abolished and punishable under the law under Article 23.
  • The government of India passed “the Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956, a premier legislation for prevention of trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation and the Bonded Labor System (Abolition) Act, 1976.
  • Subsequently, a bill was passed termed as, “The Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection, and Rehabilitation) Bill, 2018” who seeks for the examination of a wide range of people, salvage and restoration of dealt casualties. It also establishes investigation and rehabilitation authorities at the district, state, and national levels.
  • Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 has come into power and segment, section 370 of Indian Penal Code has been subbed with Section 370 and 370A of IPC which accommodates measures to counter menace of human trafficking including trafficking of children for exploitation.

When the girls and women are rescued by the police from the brothel, the girls are institutionalized forcibly with other girls who are alone and are from very poor families in shelter homes. This has become a serious issue as they are forced to stay in rehabilitation. But as per ITPA, the victims of sex trafficking rescued by the police has to be produced before the court, if she is an adult within 28 days along with a detailed report of the family and family willingness and their capacity to protect the women exploitation.

Conclusion

With a tremendous increase in the usage of internet, social media, and smart phones there is a hike in committing crimes. Human trafficking on the internet is so easy that even the trafficker does not have to step out from his place only the phone will do his work. Human trafficking has become such a serious issue nowadays. The data of NCRB shows that sexual exploitation for prostitution was the second major purpose for human trafficking in India, the first is forced labor. The children are sold by their parents so that they will earn them a living; the Indian women are sold for sexual exploitation. Those women are a source of income for the brothels and their agents.

By investigating the realities, we get the possibility that typically little youngsters are tricked over the telephones or through a message. The traffickers have the idea that the girls who are not well educated or are from the poor section will easily be trapped. The same goes in case of men who are in search of jobs, they search on the internet for jobs when they are called for a meeting; they get trapped and are forced into the racket of organ removal. Mostly the rural areas of India are trapped in the human trafficking system. Though the governments are taking measures and exposing those horrific people some questions remain unanswered to date.

FAQs

Q.1. What Is Human Trafficking?

Human trafficking is an illegal trade of people. It is a business in which girls or even boys are transported from one states or country to another for several purposes such as forced labor, organ removal, prostitution or laboring children for war purposes, slavery etc.

Q.2. What Is Child Trafficking?

The kids of poor sections are usually trafficked towards forced labor. The parents of these children are lured by their poor socio-economic condition; they are forced to send their child for better livelihood. The traffickers promise the parents for a huge wage amount and transport the children to big cities.

Q.3. What Is Called As Modern Slavery?

Human trafficking, a type of modern slavery, is a grim reality of the 21st-century world landscape in developed also as developing countries. Whereas traditional channels of trafficking stay in place, online technologies provide traffickers the unprecedented  ability to use a larger range of victims and advertise their services across geographic boundaries

References

  1. https://caclapeer.org/human-trafficking-the-internet/
  2. https://internetsafety101.org/trafficking
  3. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/255726507_Human_Trafficking_Online_The_Role_of_Social_Networking_Sites_and_Online_Classifieds
  4. https://www.peacepalacelibrary.nl/ebooks/files/382697081.pdf
  5. https://technologyandtrafficking.usc.edu/files/2011/09/HumanTrafficking_FINAL.pdf

[1] Trafficking in Persons Report: June 2007, published by U.S. Department of State 

[2] http://www.antislavery.org, archived at http://www.webcitation.org/5o6ye9MXc. 

[3] Trafficking in Persons Report, supra note 12, at 8. 

[4] “The term ‘sex trafficking’ means the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act.” 

[5] Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking: Hearings on H.R. 5575, Before the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security,

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