Hajj: Pillar of Islam


Hajj, additionally spelt ḥadjdj or hadj, in Islam, the pilgrimage to the sacred city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia, which each grown-up Muslim must make in any event once in the course of their lifetime. The Hajj is the fifth of the basic Muslim practices and foundations alluded to as the Five Pillars of Islam. The pilgrimage ceremony began on the seventh day of Dhū al-Ḥijjah (the most recent month of the Islamic year) and completed on the twelfth day.

The Hajj is occupant on all Muslims who are genuinely and monetarily prepared to make the pilgrimage, however as long as their nonattendance won’t place difficulties on their family. An Individual may play out the Hajj as a substitute, selecting a relative going on the pilgrimage to “substitute” for the person in question.

Prophet Muhammad established the pattern of pilgrimage rites. Still, variations have emerged in it, and therefore the stringent formal itinerary isn’t strictly clung to by the mass of pilgrims, who now and again visit the shifted Meccan sites out of their appropriate order.

When the pilgrim is about 6 miles (10 km) from Mecca, he or she enters the State of holiness and purity referred to as ihram and dons the ihram garments; for men, they contain two seamless white sheets that are wrapped around the body, while women may wear sewn clothes. The pilgrims neither cut their hair nor their nails until the pilgrimage rite is over. They enter Mecca and walk seven times around the sacred shrine called the Kaʿbah, within the Great Mosque, kiss or touch the Black Stone (al-Ḥajar al-Aswad) in the Kaʿbah, pray twice in the direction of the Maqām Ibrāhīm and therefore the Kaʿbah, and run seven times between the minor eminence of Mount Ṣafā and Mount Marwah.

On the seventh day of Dhū al-Ḥijjah, the travellers are helped to remember their obligations. At the second stage which occurred between the eighth and the twelfth days, the explorer visits the blessed spots close to Mecca—Jabal al-Raḥmah, Muzdalifah, and Minā—and penances a creature in the dedication of Abraham’s penance. Male explorers’ heads are then generally shaved, and ladylike pioneers evacuate a lock of hair. In the wake of tossing 7 stones at every one of the 3 columns at Minā on 3 successive days (the columns represent different fallen angels), the explorer comes back to Mecca to play out the goodbye ṭawāf or hovering, of the Kaʿbah before leaving the town.

About two million individuals perform Hajj annually. Therefore the rite serves as a unifying force in Islam by bringing followers of diverse background all together in religious celebration. There was a believer who made the pilgrimage, he may add the title ḥājjī or ḥājjiyyah, respectively, to his or her name. The pilgrimage is believed to wipe out previous sins for the sincere believer when compared to ‘umrah’.

Hajj Policy for 2020

The yearly Hajj pilgrimage sees a massive number of Muslims over the world venturing out to the blessed city of Makkah to play out their strict obligation. Considering the COVID-19 pandemic, the concern is that whether the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) will defer the current year’s Hajj. An official choice on the issue is yet to come. In any case, Indonesia has now reported that it won’t send its residents to Makkah this year due to coronavirus fears[1].

A case can be made for a deferment since effectively extended to limit. It would be severe for the Pakistani State to test and to screen every individual visiting and coming back from KSA. In 2019, a total of 2.5 million Muslims took an interest in going for Hajj in which 200,000 were from Pakistan. At present, there are more than 76,000 instances of coronavirus in the nation. Head administrator Imran Khan has just expressed that he anticipates that the numbers should rise further in the coming months. The wellbeing framework is seriously overburdened with not a single relief to be found. Hence, the administration ought to do everything it can to limit the hazard.

The Hajj policy for 2020 ought to be contrived in light of these contemplations. If the KSA hosts pilgrims this year, there are chances that it will diminish the quantity for every nation. If the government of Pakistan chooses to proceed with it, it should just send the number of individuals that it can screen. These are troublesome choices for any legislature to make. Individuals hang tight for quite a long time for the chance to perform Hajj. They spare and get ready with incredible energy. It would be useful if the administration can welcome strict pioneers on board to make sure about help for its strategy. Right now, general wellbeing concerns should overshadow everything else.

Policy Implications

The impact of an occasion, for example, the Hajj exhibits that even profound attitudes like religious beliefs and views about other social groups are often changed. Their language to communicate, mixing with others across national, sectarian and gender lines can help promote tolerance—not only towards fellow participants but, even more significantly, toward those who are not part of the experience. From a policy perspective, the Hajj tells the danger of separation and protective walls.

If there’s a more extensive exercise to draw from the Hajj study, it’s that scaffolds help and dividers hurt. Additionally, the outcomes propose that the advancement of resistance doesn’t, along these lines, should be characterized in a prompt restriction to profound conventionality. There could likewise be ways, as shown in the Hajj, to use strict convictions to encourage bargain and common regard. Knowledge to be taken from the Hajj study gets from its capacity to require a subject that seems undefined and difficult to evaluate and apply logical instruments to it, to discover the genuine observational proof. As the investigation illustrates, one can promptly apply standard sociology apparatuses to ideas simply like the social job of confidence, reveal hard proof, and possibly shed new light on the strategy banter around such subjects.

This is particularly remarkable today for the Arab and Muslim world. While there’s tremendous enthusiasm for Islam, with much consideration committed to the subjects of fear-based oppression and worldwide security, the current writing once in a while draws on instruments from quantitative sociology and frequently needs hard proof. One of the hindrances policies and is additionally a more extensive exercise about the presentation to an assorted variety of people groups.

Hajj in COVID-19 era

The proceeding COVID-19 episode over the globe has thrown a shadow over the current year’s Hajj. This year, the week-long Hajj is planned to start on July 28.

Reuters has detailed that Saudi Arabia could consider reducing the number of travellers showing up for Hajj. If we see a generally the conditions, there are about 2.5 million Muslims played out the Hajj consistently.

Notwithstanding its significance in Islam, the Hajj is likewise a significant wellspring of remote income for Riyadh. “Official data show Hajj, and therefore the lower, year-round umrah pilgrimage earns the kingdom about twelve billion dollars per annum”, Reuters reported.

Saudi Arabia has seen a flood in COVID-19 cases, having recorded 105,283 infections to date. The realm has additionally observed 746 deaths from the coronavirus.

A choice to drop or even scale down the Hajj would be a hit to Saudi Arabia, given its arrangements to help its ability to strict the travel industry. “An economic reform plan of Prince Mohammed bin Salman aims to amplify umrah and Hajj capacity to thirty million pilgrims annually and generate $13.32 billion of revenues by 2030”.

Interestingly, the indecision on the Hajj follows an analysis of activities of the Tablighi Jamaat group, which was accused of a rise in COVID-19 cases in India, Pakistan and Malaysia. The gathering had held gatherings in these nations in March.


The Saudi Arabian government has played an active and viable role to ensure wellbeing and better administrations to Indian Haj travellers, Naqvi stated, including that it’s a piece of reinforced two-sided relations between the two nations.

Saudi Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman’s visit to India and Prime Minister Modi’s visit to Saudi Arabia in October 2019 has further additionally reinforced relations between the two nations, the minister said.[2]

Indian Ambassador to Saudi Arabia Ausaf Sayeed, Additional Secretary Ministry of Minority Affairs Jan-e-Alam, Consul General Mohd Noor Rehman Sheikh, Haj Committee of India Chairman Nabi Jinna Sheikh, Haj Committee of India CEO M A Khan and different authorities were available.

India has become the principal essential nation to make the entire procedure for pioneers going on Haj computerized, Minority Affairs Minister Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi said on Sunday after consenting to the two-sided arrangement for following year’s pilgrimage with the Saudi Haj Minister in Jeddah.

An online application, e-visa, Haj mobile app, “e-MASIHA” clinic, “e-luggage pre-tagging” giving all data in India itself regards to convenience and transportation in Mecca and Madina will be given to two lakhs Muslims going for Haj in 2020.


Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What do you mean by Hajj?
  2. What do you mean by Hajj policy 2020, and what are its implications?
  3. Which country became the first country to make the entire process of pilgrims going on Haj completely digital?
  4. How did Covid-19 impact hajj?
  5. What is the work of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)?

[1] https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/06/indonesia-cancels-Hajj-pilgrimage-coronavirus-concerns-200602094706810.html

[2] https://www.livemint.com/news/india/pm-modi-to-embark-on-two-day-visit-to-saudi-arabia-today-11572233327705.html

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