This blog is inscribed by Nancy Singh.
The era of 2020 has a vast involvement of youth in the environment which gives a rise towards development of the society. People learn, communicate and grow which keeps our civilization excelling in the country. There are different genders involved with their identity and politics within the premises of law in the activities for welfare and happiness. To give equal respect and honour to the individuals is our duty and the responsibility to lead our country in the best suited direction. Gender, identity, politics and law are the basic features of our culture which helps it to grow and bloom in the world. It involves characterization and classification of pupils on the basis of approach made by them towards improvement and success of humanity. The appropriate involvement of youth in the right path will lead the country to success and interests.
Gender and Identity
Gender is basically classified as male and female but the society’s evolution resulted into identification to LGBTQ community i.e. lesbians, gay, bisexual and transgender also. Recognizing LGBTQ community reflects their purpose of celebrating delight, assortment, individualism and sexuality. LGBTQ have been given all the fundamental rights as provided to others in the society. Gender equality is directly linked to sustainable development which involves development of women and girls of the society. Uplifting the status of women and girls of our culture gives a rise to our development and wellness. The rights, opportunities and achievements of both men and women should be calculated on the same platform and be given equal significance for being a part of civilization. Have we ever given a thought as to why there is so much inequality between a girl and boy since they are born? The answer which comes up is a straight NO. We should think about why people do so. A mother who is herself a woman sees her daughter as a burden on the family. Why do women do so? Aren’t they the daughter of someone? Inequality arises from one’s home only and without doing anything people are being judged because of their gender. There are not only women but the community of LGBTQ who are being judged for what they are but by making the section 377 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 unlawful our judiciary has proved that everyone is equal before law.
Article 14 explains the concept of right to equality in all aspects of the country. Article 15 demands prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. A person should not be judged on these criteria. Article 16 examines the equality of opportunity in matters of public employment. Article 39(a) demands equal justice and free legal aid for the citizens. Article 39(d) says that there is equal pay for equal work for both men and women. Article 42 explains the provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief. Article 44 demands Uniform civil code for the citizens. Article 51A (e) says to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood among the people.
India being the second most inhabited nation on the globe has a large density of people having citizenship of India. Keeping the population rate and betterment of the nation, Indian government has amended the Citizenship act. The provision of Citizenship Amendment Act states that the Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jains, Parsi and Christian who came to India from Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh before December 31 in the year 2014 because they had suffered religious persecution or fear of religious persecution in their country of foundation, will be granted citizenship. This created a commotion in India and had made a sudden discomfort in the people for their identity in the nation. People have protested against it by claiming it as the discrimination on the basis of religion. The citizens have been given full right to vote for election of the leader. Law states that every individual of age 18 and above has the full right to cast their vote for the leader they want. Election Commission of India issues a voter ID card to the populace who are of age 18 and above, which is proof of a person that he is eligible to vote. A basic question arises in every individual’s mind that what does the word ‘politics’ mean? And no doubt a common answer always comes up with ample names of political parties that are in actuality claiming their political analysis and strategies to be best. Politics is basically a bunch or package of actions linked with the wellbeing and welfare of every sector, individual and community.
Article 326 of Constitution of India states the concept of adult suffrage which states the concept of granting the right to vote to the citizen of India who is not below the age of 18 without any discrimination unless the person is of unsound mind or is convicted for any criminal offence.
Public opinion plays an important role in the field of politics. Politics is basically influenced by economic issues arising all around the country such as poverty, unemployment, development and welfare of the civilization.
Law is a regulation of behavior of the natives living in a country. Law is being set up by the government of the country in an array to deal with crime, business, civil matters, social issues and many more. Law plays a very decisive function in every phase of the environment. Law governs every individual on the basis of their work and act. The Constitution of India is the highest book of regulation in India; all other laws are being governed by it. It includes Preamble, fundamental rights, directive principles of state policy, fundamental duties, duties and role of union, executive and judiciary, courts etc. These are various principles that govern the individuals of the nation. The Supreme Court of India is the apex Court which has its rule binding on all. The High Courts are set up at the state level which govern the state’s rules and norms. The District Courts are set for the issues at lower level. The courts perform their role in the growing concept of the society and they prove the judiciary to be highest among all. Laws are made for the benefit and betterment of the pupil so that they can work accordingly without any chaos in the surrounding. It’s the duty and responsibility of every human being to obey and respect the norms without any commotion and disturbance to others.
There is no difference in men, women and others, it is just the matter of how we see ourselves in the mirror and with what desires. There is nothing which a person cannot achieve; it is the path that we follow for achieving the goals. Our motive should be the development of individuals which will result in the development of society. There should be involvement of each and every sector so that individuals are governed at the same basis without any discrimination. There is a vast difference between developing and developed country, the state of developed country is achieved when there will be no discrimination made and everyone of the society will live with full dignity and respect. This is only possible when the law is followed with knowing its value and importance in acts.
 Equality before law The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.
 Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth
(1) The State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them
(2) No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them, be subject to any disability, liability, restriction or condition with regard to
(a) access to shops, public restaurants, hotels and palaces of public entertainment; or
(b) the use of wells, tanks, bathing ghats, roads and places of public resort maintained wholly or partly out of State funds or dedicated to the use of the general public
(3) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any special provision for women and children
(4) Nothing in this article or in clause ( 2 ) of Article 29 shall prevent the State from making any special provision for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes
 Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment
(1) There shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the State
(2) No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth, residence or any of them, be ineligible for, or discriminated against in respect or, any employment or office under the State
(3) Nothing in this article shall prevent Parliament from making any law prescribing, in regard to a class or classes of employment or appointment to an office under the Government of, or any local or other authority within, a State or Union territory, any requirement as to residence within that State or Union territory prior to such employment or appointment
(4) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any provision for the reservation of appointments or posts in favor of any backward class of citizens which, in the opinion of the State, is not adequately represented in the services under the State
(5) Nothing in this article shall affect the operation of any law which provides that the incumbent of an office in connection with the affairs of any religious or denominational institution or any member of the governing body thereof shall be a person professing a particular religion or belonging to a particular denomination
 Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State: The State shall, in particular, direct its policy towards securing
(a) that the citizens, men and women equally, have the right to an adequate means to livelihood;
Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief The State shall make provision for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief
 Uniform civil code for the citizens The State shall endeavor to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India
 (e) to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;