China – India Relations

China- India relations also called as Chinese- Indian relations mention in the consensual relationship between China and India. The relationship neighbour 1950, China and India both the countries are very popular countries with ancient society: India V. China Economic Comparison: The consensual trade between India and China was around USD 92.68 billion in 2019. And the defense budget of China was US$ 178 billion. Relations between both countries have been distinguishing by border disputes. There are Three main military conflicts: Sino- Indian War of 1962, The Chola incident of 1967, Sino – Indian skirmish 1987. Both Countries have successfully built their diplomatic and economic ties. China became India’s big trading partner in 2008. Both Countries have also enlarged their military and strategic relationship. The main reason for War between them was a dispute above the jurisdiction Aksai chin and Arunanchal Pradesh border regions. China is considered as the World’s third most powerful nation as related to military strength. But however, India can defeat China in a full war. Chinese government blamed India and claimed that it had illegally constructed defense facilities across the border into Chinese territory in the Galwan valley region. Relations between contemporary China and India have been characterized by border disputes. Apart from trading In recent years, their relations have maintained good relations in their development. The current condition between the two countries mainly focused on economic areas.


India and China are two major Political and Economic actors in both regional and global politics. In 1962 China people’s liberation army invaded India in Ladakh. India and China relations normalized through the regular exchange of high-level visits. The border clash between India and China in which 20 Indian soldiers were killed and it creates a turning point. Most of India’s imports from China manufactured items such as electronics and electrical equipment. The dispute with China pushes India closer to the United States, Japan, Australia and Southeast Asian countries. Since the first century AD both the nations had fluctuated cultural contact with the spread of Buddhism from India and China. Two countries had a conflict of interest in Tibet. At the end of its civil war in 1949, china wanted to confirms control over Tibet and set free the Tibetan people. Both the nations are engaged in their constructive number of issues. Such as – Cultural, Political, Economic, Military co-operation. In the year 2011 was the year of China- India exchanges, both nations with a combined population of 2.5 Billion have joined together and worked together. Responsiveness for each other’s concern has become a base for deepening bilateral relations between two nations. Cultural and economic relations between China and India pace back to ancient times. China and India have also had some contact before the transmission of Buddhism. References to a people called the china’s are found in ancient literature. China is responsible for India’s efforts to border areas infrastructure in Ladakh after the completion of DSDBO road. After India’s move into Doklam in 20A, China is perhaps especially sensitive to Indian activity along the disputed border. The modern relationship began in 1950 when India was among the first countries to end formal ties with the Republic of China.

Political Relations

The China- India relationship can discover back to the second century BC Fahien and Huentsang two famous Chinese Buddhist  monks had come to India to learn Buddhist scriptures eventually in 1962. India started an armed attack against china beside with China-India border areas. In 2011 September external affairs minister met with Chinese foreign minister as part of BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. There was an expansion of exchanges at the government levels, party levels and parliamentary

Similarities Between China and India

Chinese and Indian society is very similar to each other. China is definitely advancing in greater speed while India is slowly painfully so keeping up. Both are family-oriented as compared to western societies. Chinese and Indian cultures are the most ancient living cultures in the world. Buddhism is an important link between nations. Both give extreme value to education. Both societies are obsessed with fair skin and English. The older generations in both societies are more traditional and orthodox While the younger society is more challenging. Both the countries are depending upon traditional music, festivals. Culture is developed by food habits, language, and economy. Both are great civilization which existed from the very beginning of time. Trade and commerce is also a similarity between India and China. Most of India’s imports from China are manufactured items such as electronics. China has a high proportion of women workers their labor force is participation is high than India. The Indian state is superior to the Chinese because of its Stability. Economic development in a lot of ways both countries are similar to each other. Chinese food was summed up as one of the favorite food in the world. India is Hierarchy based and having an agricultural society.

Difference Between China and India

The biggest difference between China and India is the political system and governance. China is ruled by communism and India is administered by democracy India is the world’s largest parliamentary democracy China is a one-party dictatorship. India reforms state-run industries and China reform pseudo free market. China is more acceptable compared to India which has more variations in religion, language. Raw material and transportation costs are cheaper in China. India is extremely diverse while China is homogeneous. Indian people can choose their leader by voting while China has one-party system. India is much better in human resource development and also much ahead protection  human of human rights India are more human and Hindu culture operate India. The Common law system of India is based on judicial review of legislative acts. In India Republic Day is celebrated on 26 January and in China republic day is celebrated on 1 October. In India, there is bicameral parliament or Sansad consist of Council of states of Rajya Sabha and in China, there is unicameral national people’s Congress. According to the research, India was richer than India in 1990. China attains a GDP growth rate of 19.30% in a year.


China’s administration for coronavirus pandemic has added to the doubtful perception of the country that induces in many quarters in India. These include over independence on china for industrial capture. Around 67 percent of the total respondents believed that China was responsible for the COVID 19 outbreak also a biological weapon created by China. The majority of the participants also think china was a threat to India. The first case of coronavirus was reported in Wuhan, China and has been contemplated from a wet-seafood market in the same city and because of that, this pandemic spread to other countries. And as well as the maximum number of cases. It has been proved that has more name than any disease. China is the country that has given a lot of unhappiness to the world. It was a tactical plan for china to become a superpower. India has always had a complicated relationship with its neighbour countries.  Coronavirus continues to prepare 166,000 by 20th April evening of which more than 40,000 deaths are in the US alone. Today China is known as the World’s factory and its GDP. COVID 19 has completely changed the relationship. India has become the newest country to restrict Chinese investments. Indian apps remove China apps as it scans a user’s phone. In recent times people are lacking in understanding each other. The image of China in mind has progressed and changed past seven, this year 2020 is the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and India. The recent border clash is a turning point in India’s bilateral relationship with China.  The responsibility for the China-Indian border conflict lies entirely with India. China’s growing political and economic with India’s neighbors is also a matter of concern. China and India have taken different routes to enter the world economy.  Growing economic and strategic ties, India faces trade imbalance heavily in favor of China. China’s fight back saying India’s new policy violated WTO principle of non- discrimination and are against the general trend of free trade. The numbers clearly show India’s heavy reliance on Chinese imports India- China Economic and commercial relations are shaped through various dialogue Decline. More than 100 Chinese companies have established offices in India 53% of the total Indian exports to China. There are a lot of hurdles for India to Overcome with COVID 19.


Q1. Write a short note on the Indo–China Relationship.

Q2. Write some steps taken by the Government to strengthen our relations with China.

Q3. Who were the two famous Chinese Buddhist monks who came to India in 1962?

Q4. What is the relation of India- China in 2020?

Q5 What are the political relations of China and India?

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