The main objective of this paper is to give analytical review on World Intellectual Property Organization. The paper will discuss on the history of World Intellectual Property Organization. The paper focuses on the mission, function, goal of WIPO and how it has been working for the betterment of Intellectual Property Right.
WIPO stands for World Intellectual Property Organization. It was formed on 14th July 1967. It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. WIPO counts 184 member states. The organization became a specialized agency of the United Nations in 1974. Before joining with United Nations, WIPO was only about promoting protection of Intellectual Property but later the objective was redefined as public interest.
The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is global forum for the Intellectual Property Services, policy, Information, and cooperation. It was established by United Nations Organizations to resolve various conventions so that it protects Intellectual Property. It is also dedicated to developing a balance international Intellectual Property system, which stimulates innovation and contributes to economic development. It works with the vision to promote Intellectual Property throughout the world.
It was started with Paris Convention of 1883. Paris Convention was considered the major step for the protection of Industrial Property so that it helps the creators to ensure that their intellectual works are protected around the world.
The Berne Convention started a campaign with the aim to give creators their right to control and receive payments for their creative work on an international level
Madrid agreement was first leap towards WIPO. The first international Intellectual Property filing service was launched in the form of this agreement.
BIRPI was the predecessor of WIPO. It is situated in Switzerland. The united International Bureaux was known better by French acronym BIRPI for the protection of Intellectual Property.
WIPO came out of BIRPI and it is also considered a product of all those agreements which was held before. WIPO joined United Nations in 1974.
The role of WIPO is to ensure that the rights of creators and owners of the Intellectual Property are being protected worldwide. The inventors are also recognized and rewarded for for their ingenuity.
The main activities of the WIPO are:
● Norm setting treaty-making process.
● Provide international intellectual property services to the private sector to registration services for patents, trademarks, and design. It also helps in dispute resolution.
● Enhance the access to intellectual property system to assist the developing countries members also the SMEs to use the intellectual property as a tool for economic and social development.
WIPO works based on 5-Year plan. The current plan is form 2017-2021. The goals are stated below:
●The first goal is to use the Intellectual Property assets for the advancement of research and development for NTDs (Neglected Tropical Disease), Malaria and TB. The activities which are needed to implement includes the establishing special programme for research and training in the NTDs and the work shall be done in collaboration.
●The second goal is to accelerate the advancement of the promising components. The activities which are needed to implement includes assisting collaboration for obtaining grants for donor agencies.
●The third goal is to enhance the global capacity for the management of Intellectual Property and biomedical R and D. The activities which are needed to implement includes the supporting capacity development of member organization.
●The fourth goal is to communicate beneficiary role of Intellectual Property in innovation for NTDs, Malaria and TB. The activities which are needed to implement includes the increasing dissemination of information about the role of intellectual property for NTDs, Malaria and TB.
The mission of the WIPO is to establish an effective system for protection of Intellectual Property Rights. WIPO wants to create an atmosphere where gender equality exists i.e., men and women are treated equally, and their decision-making positions are also equal. It takes a lot of initiation to raise gender awareness and leadership from the women of the world.
Example of initiative taken by WIPO for strengthening gender equality is celebrating achievements of women in 2018.
● Encourage and ensure the creative activities of Intellectual researchers.
● Promote the development of activities which are designed to improve the protection of Intellectual Property.
● Harmonize the national intellectual property legislation and procedures in the area.
● Collect and disseminate the information regarding protection of Intellectual Property.
● Provide legal assistance to developing and other countries.
● Facilitate the resolution of private intellectual property disputes.
● assisting the campaigns development to improve Intellectual Property protection all over world.
Geneva On Future of WIPO
Geneva declaration on the future of WIPO was published in September of 2004. The declaration was to reform its culture of creating and expanding monopoly privileges. It also talked about excessive protection of Intellectual Property being put by WIPO and the declaration was made to understand the real social and economic consequences of it. The people involved in the declaration were prominent legal scholars, NGOs, Former French Prime Minister, and several other concerned citizens of global society.
From the facts stated above, it can be concluded that the WIPO has shown the evolution and the necessary changes which was made to get to this point starting from the Paris Convention. It has shown the growth of the organization and this growth can be seen with the fact that it has become a part of United Nations in 1974.
Q.1. What is WIPO?
WIPO stands for World Intellectual Property Organization. It was formed on 14th July 1967. It is a global forum for the Intellectual Property Services, policy, Information, and cooperation.
Q.2. What is the Role of WIPO?
The role of WIPO is to ensure that the rights of creators and owners of the Intellectual Property are being protected worldwide.
Q.3. Is WIPO part of United Nations?
Yes, it is the part of United Nations. It joined United Nations in 1974 and became a specialized agency of UN.
Q.4. How Many Countries are Part of WIPO?
WIPO currently has 193 member states.