This article talks about Religious persecution in India. It means, differential, not unequal, treatment of certain sects of society due to their specific religious beliefs and faith. Our India is a diverse country and so is the diversity between it religious practices. Due to this, minorities in our country face certain discrimination on the grounds of religion. This article highlights about various aspect the minorities face like Christians, Muslims, advasis and other groups. At last it also gives certain recommendations or suggestions to the government and people of India to curb this from our society.
Many religions have narratives, symbols, and chronicles that explain the purpose of life and / or explain the origin of life or the universe. According to their beliefs about the universe and human nature, humans are influenced by the values, morals, beliefs, or lifestyle of their choice.
The Constitution provides for freedom of conscience and the right of all persons to freely practice, profess, and propagate religion; authorizes the state of the world; requires the state to treat all religions fairly; and forbids religious discrimination. It also says that citizens should practice their religion in a way that does not interfere with social order, morality, or health.
State law gives the government the power to prohibit religious organizations that cause divisions, who engage in terrorism or rebellion, or who violate laws governing foreign donations.
Minorities and Indian Justice System
A recent report containing details released by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) states that fewer people, especially Christians and Sikhs, may be more funerals, detenus and prisoners than Hindus. Christians are more likely to be arrested and imprisoned.
Muslims, Dalits and adivasis — the three most vulnerable groups in Indian society — make up more than half of India’s prisons. Although half of these three communities in India add about 39%, their share among prisoners is very high at 53%.
“Many experts say that this disturbing trend is not the result of crime. Instead, it happens because they are economically and socially incapable, unable to fight expensive cases or often pay bail. Some say that these communities are targeted for false accusations.”
The ban on cattle slaughter and cattle trade affects not only Muslims but also Christians, especially Dalit and ethnic groups. Defensive groups calling themselves Cow political workers, often armed with guns and swords, attacked the suspects, killing many innocent men. Beef is the main source of food for large numbers of Muslims, Christians, Races and Dalits whose diet is healthier, healthier and more affected . It is an effort to keep those who are marginalized away from healthy food and an obstacle to their economic development.
The National Human Commission Commission (NHRC) has indicated that 60% of detainees were unfair or unnecessary and that 75% of all complaints received by the commission were against the police.
NEP – Lack of Power from Long-Term in Communities
The proposed New Education Policy (NEP) explicitly violates the fundamental rights of the young people of India as it discriminates, silences and obscure their contribution to historical narratives, excluding the cultural and linguistic minorities, depriving them of cultural and political rights. Distribution of textbooks and Reduction of Central Government Research Themes as the withdrawal of Historian Jobs is proof of this change.
It is difficult to campaign against religious nationalism especially Hindutva in the case of Islamophobia where the state protects the heads and activists of only one religion. This is also reflected in the state’s visa policies, the refugee policy of visiting Pakistani Hindus, religious ceremonies in state functions, and the suspicion of religious inspections in the workplace (which is why Muslims under the police force27 and Muslims and Christians under political and legal representation).
A Growing Practice of Violence Against Christians
Christians in the national anthems of India especially in Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Orissa, South Gujarat etc. regularly regularly report incidents of clergy attacks, church attacks, demolitions, arson, and churches attacked by major Hindu groups spread throughout these areas. Most of the physical violence in these parts of the country is unreported.
Since 2014, even private and family prayers in Gentile Christian homes are not safe. Of the 17 incidents against Christians in India, reported by the Evangelical Fellowship of India on September 13, 2015 in the period between August 1 and September 10, 2015, 13 incidents took place in the tribal bands of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, and Orissa.
Misuse of Anti-Conversion Laws – Freedom of Religion is a constitutional principle, but its application is highly dependent on national governments, law and order, and education.
CAA, National Hinduism, and the Growing Religious Tension in India
As a goal, the CAA provides immediate Indian citizenship to immigrants from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan who are minority religious and immigrants without a valid visa or have their visa expired before December 2014. Not included in this list are Muslims and minority religions from other parts of the South Asia, such as Tibet, Sri Lanka, and Myanmar.
India’s ruling Baratiya Janata Party (BJP) has long been close to Hindu nationalism to unite its forces. Critics of the CAA say the law is part of the BJP’s Hindu nationalist system and will undermine the foundations of the Indian state and continue to set aside and restrict the rights of the country’s Muslim people, as well as other minority religions.
The Indian government, however, says the CAA provides millions of illegal immigrants, who are at risk of arrest and deportation, a faster way to become a citizen. They also defend Muslim isolation by saying that they are less likely to face religious persecution in neighboring countries such as Pakistan, where Islam is the official religion of the country.
Despite comments from the Indian government, the CAA has sparked controversy, as thousands of Indian nationals across the country took to the streets to protest. In New Delhi, the protests led to the bloodshed in the city for decades when Hindu gangs, promoted and partially promoted by the Ministry of Home Affairs and the ruling BJP, targeted Muslims and attacked anti-religious protesters.
Recommendations and Suggestions
1. Direct the Indian government to ensure that the fundamental rights of nations, including national Christians, are respected, protected, and developed; in particular, the right to life and life must be respected.
2. Remind India that it has a responsibility to fulfill its constitutional mandate to uphold the rule of law and to ensure the persecution and accountability of state security forces and other public officials facing false, extrajudicial killings, rape, intimidation and harassment of civilians and other Christians.
3. Direct the Indian government to provide adequate security and safety measures to ensure the safety and security of all members of the Christian community in India, Priests and Priests, religious leaders, monks and missionaries, and their places of worship, prayer halls, home churches and community gatherings.
4. It orders the Indian government to protect the human right to change his religion as a fundamental right. The state must take steps where necessary to effectively protect and promote the safety, dignity and privacy of persons who voluntarily change their faith.
5. Direct the Union Government to advise the governments of Arunachal Pradesh, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, and Himachal Pradesh to repeal the anti-reform laws known as the Freedom of Religion Act.
6. Direct the Indian government to refrain from attempts towards national anti-reform legislation that would only limit the fundamental right to freedom of religion or belief, especially of minority religions in India.
7. Direct the Indian government to amend section 3 of the Constitution (Cued organized) Order in 1950 to include Christians and Muslims.
8. Where compulsory modification is intended against organized Castes and organized races, the police should be directed to apply the provisions of the Organized Particulars Act and International Organized Organization (Prevention of Violence Act), 1989.
9. Direct the Union Government to advise national governments to repeal or amend the bans on the movement of cattle and, the keeping and use of cattle in the country.
10. Direct the Indian government to enforce the law and arrest members of cattle protection groups and others who attack people on suspicion of eating / keeping beef and take strict action against them according to national law.
11. Direct the Indian government to prosecute those police officers who fail to do their constitutional duty to enforce the law of the land, to contribute to attacks on religious minorities, and to protect the invaders or to impose appropriate legal procedures.
12. In the event of sexual harassment or sexual assault by a nun or another Christian woman, the Indian government must ensure prompt action, arrest of suspects, thorough police investigation, and effective persecution and prompt trial.
13. Direct the Indian government to ensure that state agencies should immediately register, investigate, and prosecute people who initiate and carry out forced conversion against religions and minorities.
14. Direct the Indian government to ensure that there are strong measures under criminal law for all those who deliver hate speech with the intention of creating violence and hatred in the Christian community.
15. It instructs the Indian government to consider legislating violence in a society that provides for the punishment and persecution of perpetrators, in consultation with the public.
16. Recommend the Government of India to Enact Anti-Discrimination Act to Protect the Rights of Young People
17. Commend the Government of India to ensure that Independent Monitoring of Cases of Juvenile Violence must be conducted by the High Courts.
Victims of major attacks in recent years have not been given justice, and reports of new crimes committed by religious minorities have not been adequately reported or prosecuted. Many Indians are struggling and limit the capacity of national and government institutions to address these issues. India strengthens its existing institutions to protect the religious freedoms enshrined in the Constitution through a plan to train, engage, build capacity, and increase the level of persecution of hate crimes.
Q.1. What Is Religious Persecution?
Ans. It means, differential, not unequal, treatment of certain sects of society due to their specific religious beliefs and faith.
Q.2. Why This Happens to The Minorities in India?
Ans. Many experts say that this disturbing trend is not the result of crime. Instead, it happens because they are economically and socially incapable, unable to fight expensive cases or often pay bail. Some say that these communities are targeted for false accusations.
Q.3. Is It Only Christians Who Are Being Targeted?
Ans. It is certainly not. Since most of the religious persecution in India comes from Hindu nationalists, attacks on any religious minority – but especially Christians and Muslims – are common.
Q.4. What Are the Suggestions to Improve This Condition in India?
Ans. India needs to strengthen its existing institutions to protect the religious freedoms enshrined in the Constitution through a plan to train, engage, build capacity, and increase the level of persecution of hate crimes.
Q.5. Does NEP Discriminates Minorities in India?
Ans. The proposed New Education Policy (NEP) explicitly violates the fundamental rights of the young people of India as it discriminates, silences and obscure their contribution to historical narratives, excluding the cultural and linguistic minorities, depriving them of cultural and political rights.
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